DEVS100 Chapter 1: DEVS Second Semester

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Global Development Second Semester Textbook Readings
Chapter 1: Indigenous Peoples, Colonialism and Canada
past continues to shape the present daily indigenous experience
historical inequalities born out of the colonial project
Global Imperial System
10,000 years before any european contact
2-10million indigenous people in Canada
Canada very diverse languages, social customs etc.
climate deterioration caused disease
Christopher Columbus
15C
found societies with complex domestic cultural, social relations
kidnapped Taino people to Spain
Norse vikings of Newfoundland were the first to Canada
Canada exists cause of european exploitation and colonization
European Colonial Empires thought this colonization would bring new commerce
and trade
stalled economies
international competition
comparable resources to maintain balance between empires
Immigrants from Europe were promised private property and new opportunities
Exploitative Colonialism
closely related to imperialism
viewed Canada as a place to rule and generate wealth (not for living)
extracting resources for cheap
• slavery
“Transatlantic Slave Trade”
indigenous black men and woman slaves in Montreal's commercial district
Fur trade
signalled the begging of sustained commercial relations between indigenous
and europeans
social, political, cultural, spiritual changes
indigenous adopted tools and technologies from europeans
fur traders relied on indigenous knowledge
high death rates due to new diseases
use of aboriginal medicine
aboriginals assisted newcomer adaption
allied during French-Brit wish warfare and wars (especially in eastern woodlands)
power for control of the St. Lawrence river destabilized intertribal Indigenous
alliances
1870-1945 Colonial wars
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Hudson’s Bay Company
Settler Colonialism
17C Europe permanent settlement
opens up new markets for domestic good
new technologies brought over and developed
overpopulation in Europe
to transform Indigenous into modern subjects
dispassion of land from Indigenous
violent attacks, negotiation, forced relocation, policies (of european values)
limit cultural and biological pluralism
universalized capitalism
treaties and formal agreements
Land and Settler Colonialism
relationship of land development an private ownership
using the land “properly”
new rules of law as a tactic for lan control
Orientalism
Edward Said
reproduce discourse and imagery
binary attitudes that reduced groups of people to a number of essential
characteristics
Frantz Fanon
colonial domination
internalized sense of inferiority
treaties: formalized records of negotiated agreements between parties, states or
people
Indian Act
engaged legal act
seizure of land
Hudson’s Bay Company as a commercial compact in exchange for material goods
formalized military agreements
Royal Proclamation of 1763
King George III
system of surrender by treaty
treaties transferred land to the Crown
John A MacDonald: west is the source of Canada future prosperity
in exchange for land Indigenous receive socio assistance
negotiating with unequal forms of power
Cede: the sharing of non reserve land for hunting and gathering activities
cede was interpreted as total surrender in exchange for small reserves
reserves segregated europeans from Indigenous
protected the inferior from being annihilated
Indians were to be eliminated through gradual assimilation
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