Chapter 7: revolution from countryside to city: mexico. The modernization of major cities versus the traditions that remained in rural regions sparked conflicts. Rural mexico entered into an intense period of economic and political struggle. Revolution was rooted in the issue of land rights and peasants being forced off of their lands. Porfirato: mexican president porfirio diaz dominated mexico politically, economically, and culturally. Diaz wanted to modernize mexico, though his efforts mainly benefitted his close supporters and foreign investors. Large plots of land were being given to less people. By 1911: us companies had controlling interests in mexican copper, gold, lead, and tin mining as well as their oil. Profits in these industries were high but wages and working conditions were bad. 1909: francisco madero ran against diaz for presidency. He fled to san antonio, where we announced the plan of san luis potosi (a military campaign). He disregarding his promises regarding properties being returned to peasants.