Pols 250 Fall semester Readings
Part 1 (Plato’s “the republic”)
Asks the questions
o 1) why do men behave justly?
o 2) is justice good in and of itself?
o 3) How do we define justice?
Plato wants to prove that justice is good in and of itself (that it has intrinsic value)
His solution is to define justice so as to appeal to the human psychology
Political justice is harmony in the structural political body
Ideal society has 3 classes of people
Justice occurs when each group performs only their role
Individual justice mirrors political justice
The soul has 3 parts
o Rational-seeks the truth, Philosophical
o Spiritual-seeks honour. Feelings of anger.
o Appetites-emotions. Contradicts reason
In a j