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Pols 250 Fall semester Readings part 1 Platos the republic.docx

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Queen's University
Political Studies
POLS 250
Colin Farrelly

Pols 250 Fall semester Readings Part 1 (Plato’s “the republic”)  Asks the questions o 1) why do men behave justly? o 2) is justice good in and of itself? o 3) How do we define justice?  Plato wants to prove that justice is good in and of itself (that it has intrinsic value)  His solution is to define justice so as to appeal to the human psychology  Political justice is harmony in the structural political body  Ideal society has 3 classes of people o Producers  Craftsmen, farmers o Auxilliaries  Warriors o Guardians  Rulers  Justice occurs when each group performs only their role  Individual justice mirrors political justice  The soul has 3 parts o Rational-seeks the truth, Philosophical o Spiritual-seeks honour. Feelings of anger. o Appetites-emotions. Contradicts reason  In a j
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