PSYC 235 Chapter Notes - Chapter 11: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, Problem Gambling, Alcohol Dependence

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Substance: chemical compounds that are ingested in order to alter mood or behaviour. Psychoactive substances: alter mood, behaviour or both. All substances have similarities in how they are used and how people who abuse them are treated. Ingestion in moderate amounts that do not significantly interfere with social, educational or occupational functioning. Examples of this would be having a drink once in a while, or smoking a cigarette. Also depe(cid:374)de(cid:374)t o(cid:374) perso(cid:374)"s i(cid:374)di(cid:448)idual (cid:271)iologi(cid:272)al rea(cid:272)tio(cid:374) Experienced as impairment in judgement, mood changes and lowered motor ability. When substances disrupt your education, job, relationships with others, or put you in physically dangerous situations would be considered drug abuser. May predict later job outcomes: when controlling for educational interests and other problem behaviour, found that hard drug use (ex. Physiologically dependent on the drug and required increased dose to experience similar effects (tolerance) Tend to respond negatively when the substance is no longer ingested (withdrawal)

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