PSYC 235 Chapter Notes - Chapter 15: Haloperidol, Agnosia

41 views3 pages
7 Apr 2015
Department
Course
Professor
Ch. 15 - Cognitive Disorders
Perspectives
- cognitive disorders develop much later in life
- impairment of cognitive abilities, such as: memory, attention, perception, and
thinking
- common symptoms: paranoia, extreme agitation, aggression, changes in
behaviour and personality
Delirium
- impaired consciousness and cognition for periods of several hours
- confused, disoriented, out of touch with surroundings, can’t focus, extreme
inattention, impairments in memory and language
- symptoms appear within a few hours (not gradual), but also subside relatively
quickly (a few hours to a day)
omost recover fully, but some continue on and off
- many medical conditions impairing brain function linked to delirium: withdrawal
from substances, infections, intoxication, brain/head trauma, improper use of
medication
- subtypes:
odue to general medical condition: brought on by medical condition,
changes in cognitive abilities occurring over short period, disturbance of
consciousness
osubstance-induced
odue to multiple etiologies
onot other specified
- most common in elderly, but may also present itself in children during fevers or
drug treatment
- about a quarter of the cases indicate end of life
- other causes: sleep deprivation, stress, immobility, changes in environment
- Treatment:
oRapid treatment is key and results in better long-term outcomes
oPsychological intervention should be the first line of treatment
oAcute delirium, delirium brought on by withdrawal, or unknown cause
delirium is treated with antipsychotic medications (haloperidol), helping to
calm the individual
oDelirium due to medical conditions treated by treating the medical
condition
Dementia
- gradual deterioration of brain functioning that affects judgment, memory,
language, and other advanced cognitive processes
- Clinical Description and Statistics:
oInitial stages: short-term memory loss
oAgnosia: inability to recognize and name objects
Facial agnosia: inability to recognize even familiar faces
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Delirium impaired consciousness and cognition for periods of several hours confused, disoriented, out of touch with surroundings, can"t focus, extreme inattention, impairments in memory and language symptoms appear within a few hours (not gradual), but also subside relatively quickly (a few hours to a day: most recover fully, but some continue on and off. Many medical conditions impairing brain function linked to delirium: withdrawal from substances, infections, intoxication, brain/head trauma, improper use of medication subtypes: due to general medical condition: brought on by medical condition, changes in cognitive abilities occurring over short period, disturbance of consciousness, substance induced, due to multiple etiologies, not other specified. Treatment: rapid treatment is key and results in better long term outcomes, psychological intervention should be the first line of treatment, acute delirium, delirium brought on by withdrawal, or unknown cause delirium is treated with antipsychotic medications (haloperidol), helping to calm the individual, delirium due to medical conditions treated by treating the medical condition.

Get access

Grade+20% OFF
$8 USD/m$10 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Grade+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
40 Verified Answers
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Class+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
30 Verified Answers