PSYC 400 Chapter 11: Open Classroom

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29 Dec 2020
Week 11: The Open Classroom
The concept of openness behind c- and x-MOOCs (Rodriguez, 2013)
Massive open online courses (MOOCs) different from established models of online education in
its scale and openness not circumscribed by space constraints or resource availability
o Only requirement is broadband internet connection
c-MOOCs: based on a philosophy of connectivism and social networking (peer-to-peer)
o Immersed in discourse of openness put ideas forward so others can see and engage;
learners help other learners by openly exposed both their ideas and their challenges
o Distributed connectivist model course contents form cluster of resources within topic
o Fundamental characteristics: autonomy, diversity, openness, connectedness, interactivity
o Readings and presentations freely available online supplemented with materials and
presentations contributed by facilitator and invited experts, with learners also sharing
o Legitimate peripheral participation: permits individuals to be immersed in community
of practice at whatever pace they feel comfortable
Provides access to large numbers of learners who might otherwise be excluded
for reasons like time, geographic location, formal prerequisites, finances
x-MOOCs: cognitive-behaviourist approach like offered by elite US institutions (tutor-centric)
o EdX, Coursera, udacity more traditional
o Shown impressive technology development, rapid course production, huge list of high
standard partners, potentially disruptive and interesting certification alternatives
o Concept of openness more restrictive than c-MOOCs materials made available under
custom copyright license
o Teaching methods by most based on behaviourist pedagogy, relying primarily on
information transmission, computer marked assignments, peer assessment
o Follow structure of existing education practices primary innovation is scaling
What were learning from online education (Daphne Koller)
Goal of Coursera to take best courses from best instructors at best universities to provide to
people for free
Different because it follows normal course outline
o Starting date with assignments for grades and certificate at end
o Some use certificates for job, others give to university for credit
Can be broken down into modular units that students navigate through
o Preparatory materials if needed, enrichment topics on top of basics if interested
Break away from one-size-fits-all structure of traditional learning
Every student needs to engage with material
o Check-in retrieval questions throughout videos that offer explanations after, need to be
correct to move forward
o Compared to in-person lectures where very few students engaged
Peer grading for critical thinking activities
o Student assigned grades correlated with teacher grades, and self-grading even more
correlated (as long as they’re incentivized so they cant give themselves a perfect grade)
Lets use video to reinvent education (Salman Khan)
By letting students have self-paced lecture before coming to class and letting peers interact with
each other about what they learned, technology has humanized learning
Generate a ton of exercises to keep going until student feels better
o No time or quantity restraint, hints/explanations throughout for help
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