Textbook Notes (368,843)
Canada (162,200)
Psychology (1,112)
PSYC 100 (335)
Chapter

PSYC100 13/14 Week 18.docx

5 Pages
53 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 100
Professor
Jon Miller
Semester
Winter

Description
Week 18: Social Development Inductive Discipline - Guiding behaviours, introducing appropriate limits, setting up reasonable consequences while explaining why Baumrind’s Styles of Parenting - Authoritative o Explain reasons behind rules; unlikely to use physical discipline o Set firm rules and uphold them, but high degree of freedom within boundaries o Outcomes  Social competence, self-confidence  Better self-regulation, quick adaptation - Authoritarian o Discipline using threats and punishment o Expect children to follow rules without explanation o Outcomes  Unhappy, lack social competence  Conform to expectations but lack self-confidence  Anxiety, increased aggression - Permissive o Allow children freedom in regulating their own lives o Place few demands o Outcomes  Impulsive, irresponsible; react more intensely to conflict  High confidence, low performance - Rejecting-neglectful o Do not set limits or monitor activities; may be discouraging o More engaged in meeting own needs rather than their children’s o Outcomes  Less competent, low perception of self, anti-social  Lack self-regulation, prone to substance abuse, depression Parenting and Genes - Amount of attention and nursing style can change genes affecting: o Hormonal stress responses o Fear responses o Adaptability to new environments - High nurturing = calmer - Inconsistent nurturing = anxiety Attachment - Social and emotional bond between infant and caregiver that spans time and space - Stages o Pre-attachment  Birth to 6 weeks  Infant remains close to caregiver; reliant on them for food, protection, comfort  Is not distressed when left in care of someone who is not the primary caregiver o Attachment-in-the-making  6 weeks to 8 months  Infant shows more preferential treatment to familiar people  May become nervous around unfamiliar people, animals, objects  Form expectations for their parent-child relationship o Clear-cut attachment  6-8 months to 18 months  Actively seek comfort from caregivers, who become a secure base  Display separation anxiety o Reciprocal Relationship Phase  18-24 months  Become more comfortable spending time away from caregivers  Relationship relies on all parties to take an active role in maintaining it - Types o Secure attachment  React positively to strangers when caregiver present, unhappy when caregiver leaves; unlikely to be comforted by stranger  Explores freely while using caregiv
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 100

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit