Textbook Notes (363,091)
Canada (158,185)
Psychology (1,086)
PSYC 100 (329)


5 Pages
Unlock Document

Queen's University
PSYC 100
Ingrid Johnsrude

WEEK 12 ONLINE LESSON NOTES: Memory Memory: using or reproducing info learned in the past Memory of Loci: associating things with destinations through a walk, in order to memorize lists -emotional events are more memorable: the limbic system processes emotions and memory storage -smells trigger memory: the olfactory cortex is near the limbic system, so smells and memory are highly related -stories/narratives increase retention and motivation of memory -memory is more effective if new info is connected with prior knowledge Wilder Penfield: neurosurgeon in Montreal; demonstrated that stimulating parts of the brain would result in different provoked sensations and memories; did the split-brain surgeries Bartlett: Construction: we reconstruct/recall memories inexactly; we fill in the gaps with info that agrees with our perspectives and thoughts; frequent if the originals story was illogical or disagreed with the subject 1. ENCODING -work to "record" information that we pay attention to Levels-of-Processing Effect: semantic memory (thinking about the meaning)>acoustic>visual -elaborative encoding (relating new knowledge to already-stored memories) enhances retention; encoding improves if we process info more thoroughly (more attention) Chunking: organizing a list of info by categorizing them by relationship to increase retention Mnemonics: tricks to increase memorization eg. method of loci, relation to images, etc 2. STORAGE -how info is maintained over time SENSORY: holds sensory info for a brief about of time after the stimulus is removed -Auditory (echoic) and visual (iconic) -Sperling's Partial Report: flashed cards with a grid of letters, can recall info better with a cue presented immediately after stimulus is removed -traces last long in echoic than iconic SHORT-TERM/WORKING MEMORY: Verbal working memory: Maintenance rehearsal: repetition of info over and over to briefly remember it Phonological working memory: brief memory for verbal info Phonological loop: stores acoustic info; generally 7 words at a time Primary effect: the tendency to recall the first few items Recency effect: the tendency to recall the last few items -maintenance and manipulation of working memory: prefrontal cortex -chunking Visual working memory: -smaller capacity than verbal; 4 items at a time -chunking LONG-TERM MEMORY: -holds lots of info in a durable manner -more effective for emotional significance, interest, and if it has connections Explicit/declarative : memories describable in words (facts and experiences); operant conditioning -Episodic: memory of personal experience; particular time and place -Semantic: memory of facts and concepts, can be personal facts (birthdays, favourite foods) Implicit: memories hard to describe in words (how to write a sentence or tie shoes); classical conditioning -lack of awareness to that memory (not knowing why a certain song makes you feel happy); you just do it, or react -procedural: implicit memory on how to do things (ride a bike, write words) -priming: type of implicit; past experiences influence your response to certain
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 100

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.