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Psych week 16.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 100
Professor
Dr.Ada Mullett
Semester
Winter

Description
MAJOR THEORIES OF DEVELOPMENTAL  PSYCHOLOGY WEEK 16 Compare and contrast the major theories and frameworks of human  development.  Framework Less rigorous than a theory Cannot bet tested  Organizing thought about a subject or concept  Introduces and describes theory  Social Scaffolding­ when a mentor or guide supports a learner by matching his or her efforts to a  child’s developmental level Competence increases, guidance decreases  Zone of Proximal Development­ increased potential for problem solving and conceptual ability that  exists for a child if expert mentoring and guidance are available  Erik Erikson: Social development  Viewed lifespan development as a series of stages defined by resolutions to crises Crises were developmental tasks that can be resolved in a positive or negative way  Ecological System Model: 1. Microsystem­ you and you relationships with those in your immediate surroundings  (teachers, family) 2. Meyosystem­ connections between different relationships you have within your  microsystem  3. Exosystem­ the settings that you might not directly experience but remain influenced by  4. Macrosystem­ the larger social constructs that shape your environment  5. Chronosystem­ historical changes that influence development and surroundings  Social Cognitive Theory: Emphasize behvaviour, environment and cognition as the key factors in development  Reciprocal Determinism­ a person’s behaviour is influenced by and influences his or her attitudes  and behaviours and the environment  Perceived Self Efficacy­ individuals perception of his ability to master a situation and to produce  favourable outocmes  Core Knowledge Theory From birth the brain has mechanisms that predispose humans to learn specific skills very quickly Theory Theory Children learn and develop knowledge about the world they way scientists do  Form hypotheses about the way the world work   Apply learning theory to developmental psychology (operant conditioning,  Watson's Little Albert, Bandura’s Bobo doll).  Little Albert: When Albert would reach for the rat a loud sound would go off Albert became fearful of rats and other animals like rabbits and dog Bobo Doll: Point: to see if children learn from watching rewards or punishment given to others  Saw a person kicking and punching the doll  Some saw person being rewarded, other saw punishment and the other saw no consequences  Children w
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