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Psychology (1,111)
PSYC 100 (335)
Chapter

Motivation

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 100
Professor
Ingrid Johnsrude
Semester
Winter

Description
Motivation  The “why’s” of behaviour  The desires, needs, and interests that arouse and activate an organism to move towards a specific goal  Affects nature, strength and persistence of an individuals behaviour o Motivational states o Drives  Eg. Eating, sexual behaviour, aggression  Intrinsic motivation o Motives that result from an internal need  Extrinsic motivation o Motives that based on gaining a reward or avoiding an unpleasant consequence Theories of Motivation  Instinct o Focuses on biological drives that seem to control and direct behaviour o Unlearned and universal in species  Eg. Hunting, rivalry, cleanliness, curiosity, fear  Clark Hull’s Drive Theory of Motivation o Suggested that motivated behaviour resulted from an internal drive  Drive  A tension or arousal that results from an unmet need  Just a response to some need  Drive fuels behaviour o Scientific advantage  One can manipulate needs and measure level of motivation  Eg. Making an organism hungry increases arousal and therefore increases motivation o Homwostasis  Organisms have needs  Needs lead to drives  Motivated bejaviour is a form of drive reduction  Homeostasis brings equilibrium  Our bodies try to maintain a balanced state o Problems?  Some ext
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