Textbook Notes (368,288)
Canada (161,770)
Psychology (1,112)
PSYC 100 (335)
Chapter

Personality

8 Pages
49 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 100
Professor
Ingrid Johnsrude
Semester
Winter

Description
Personality 6/5/2012 7:03:00 AM Personality  A pattern of behaviour and thinking that prevails across time and situations and differentiates one person from another  Consistent pattern of thoughts, feelings, behaviours that characterize each person as a unique individual o Minor changes in behaviour shouldn’t affect personality  Social Psychology o Focuses on peoples thoughts, feelings, and behaviours change across different situations  4 different personality perspectives o Trait o Psychodynamic o Humanistic o Social cognition Trait perspective  Traditional classic approach to psychological study of personality o Factor analysis  Reveals factors or basic dimensions that underlie a survey data set  Essentially, this technique examines all of the correlations between all of the questionnaire items and determines if any of them group together (are highly correlated with one another)  Groups are called factors  Examine to see if a common theme exists  Sixteen – factors o Basic traits that could be used to describe all personality types  The big Five (Five Factor Model) o Five general independent personality dimensions that best capture all personality types  Neuroticism  Pay attention to threats and unpleasant experiences  Show distress  More susceptible to anxiety and depression  Extraversion  Attend more parties, popular, leaders  Openness to experience  NEO Personality Inventory  Change careers, less racial prejudice  Agreeableness  More willing to lend money, few behavioural problems  Conscientiousness  Sexually faithful, higher job performance, good grades o Also composed of six subordinate trait dimensions Personality can be stable through adulthood and increase with age  Personality tests correlate well with behaviour Psychodynamic Perspective  Sigmund Freud o Focus on childhood experiences o Hypnosis o Focus on unconscious forces and desires  Human behaviour is largely driven by the unconscious  Unconscious motivations related to sex and aggression influence personality o Psychoanalysis  Exposing and interpreting unconscious motivation and conflicts o Personality Structure  Id  Completely unconscious  Basic sexual and aggressive drives  Pleasure principle, immediate gratification  Superego  Follows the rules and restrictions placed upon us by society  Partly conscious  Ego  Largely unconscious  Mediates between the id and the ego  Reality principle  Psychosexual development o Personality develops through a series of childhood stages where the pleasure seeking energies of the ID become focused on distinct erogenous zones on the body  Each stage presents a challenge we must work through o Fixation  Lingering focus on pleasure seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage  Until resolved, individual is stuck at the stage  Oral  Anal  Phallic  Latency  Genital  Defense Mechanisms o Personality is also influenced by defense mechanisms that employ to keep unacceptable or anxiety producing motives and thoughts from their conscious awareness  Repression  Banishes unpleasant thoughts from consciousness  Displacement  Shifting impulses towards a more acceptable or less threatening object or person  Sublimation  Redirects sexual and aggressive energies towards activities that are valued by society  Reaction Formation  Ego unconsciously switches unacceptable impulses into their opposites  Projection  People disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing them to others  Rationalization  Self justifying explanations and reasons for ones actions  Regression  Retreats to a more infantile psychosexual stage   Immature Defenses o Those that distort reality the most and lead to most ineffective behaviour (projection,regression,displacement)  Intermediate Defenses o Less distortion of reality and lead to
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 100

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit