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Canada (161,661)
Psychology (1,112)
PSYC 100 (335)

Sense of Self

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PSYC 100
Ingrid Johnsrude

Infants sense of self  Their ability to reason about themselves as separate from those around them is limited  After 4 months infants will begin to react differently to images of themselves Rouge Test  Used for testing the presence of a sense of self in people and animals  First tested by placing a mirror within a pair of chimps o Treated their reflection as if it were another chimp o Then began recognizing themselves and used their gained perspective to groom themselves in places they could not see o Altered by placing a red dot on the chimps head and observed its reaction  Began checking the spot on the mirror, not on themselves o Ability to understand mirror images was not widespread o Humans can pass the rouge test between 15-24 months  When younger children are given the test they try to touch the mirror or show little interest Language and contribution to sense of self  Development of self continues as language skills increase o Children at age 2 can refer to themselves verbally o 3-4 can describe their characteristics verbally  Positive in nature  Difficulty distinguishing between what they can do and what they want to do  Do not alter their opinions on their abilities based on past experiences o 8 years can use knowledge about themselves to evaluate and modify behaviour  Self concept  Have autobiographical memory  Memories about specific events in their past  Factor those memories into self description  Can make Social comparisons  Compare their own abilities to those of others  Use more broad termini logy (I’m, not I)  More concerned with how others perceive them o Adolescence  Concerned with how they are perceived by others but goes away when they gain stronger concept of who they are as individuals  Imaginary audience  Phenomenon in which they feel they are being watched and evaluated by others than actually occurs  Can intensify feelings of self consciousness and questions about self concept  Aware that different behaviours are appropriate in different contexts  Discrepancies between contextual behaviour changes  Happy at home vs. miserable at school Cognitive, Social, Cultural Influences on Self Concept  Culture influenced on how we develop a sense of self o Different cultures around the world place different levels of importance on the individual  Individualist cultures vs. collectivist cultures  Different cultural parenting styles can effect the time a child gains ability to pass the rouge test  In some collectivist cultures, behaving differently in different co
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