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PSYC 100 (329)
Chapter 16

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Queen's University
PSYC 100
Meredith Chivers

Chapter 16: Lifestyle, Stress, and Health p. 510-526 Cultural Evolution: Lifestyle Choices and Consequences - cultural evolution: the adaptive change of a culture to recurrent environmental pressures - mainly driven by psychological forces; cultural evolution product of human intellect and physical capacity, both of which have strong genetic components - cultures face problems for which solutions are proposed, solutions passed through generations and modified to increase effectiveness - primary agent in shaping lifestyle: the aggregate behaviour of a person; the way in which a person leads his or her life - unhealthy lifestyle behaviours/choices can be acquired and maintained by biological and psychological factors - unhealthy behaviours have reinforcing consequences in the short run and damaging consequences in the long run; maintained because of the “enjoy now, suffer later” thinking - problems with physical survival no longer the main stressors, but our physiology has not changed; thus, we deal with psychological stressors as though they were physical Healthy and Unhealthy Lifestyles Nutrition - unhealthy diets with high fat, cholesterol and low fibre are associated with certain health disorders like coronary heart disease and cancer - preferences for high fat foods
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