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PSYC 203 (36)
Chapter 13

Science Game: Chapter 13 - Ethics

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PSYC 203
Emma Dargie

Chapter 13 – Ethics (starts at pg 371) Intro: - Ethical principles and codes help individuals reach conclusions about proper behaviour - Definition of code of ethics (pg 364) - Freud: o Cultural ‘shoulds’ and ‘should-nots’ = the superego - Difficulties in ethics regulation: o Bounded rationality  o Inability to see what’s going on behind closed doors  o Self­interest of professional organizations in protecting their members o Reluctance or inability of victims to get a fair hearing before our courts - In the past, scientists were simply assumed to naturally behave ethically (pg 365) o Seen as above reproach due to education, training, presumed intelligence and wisdom, and their pursuit of ‘truth’; seen as impartial, trustworthy, honest, etc. - Not until 1953 – American Psychological Association (APA) published first ethics cods No Absolute Standards - Ethical standards vary from culture to culture and over time o Pg 366 (also in lecture) - But even in the same culture and same time period, people will have different ethical stances - Stereotypes influence ethical decision-making o E.g. women’s “right to die” or “right to refuse life-sustaining treatment”  Decision given to their husbands; stereotype that women are less mature, more in need of protection than men (men should make the decision for her) - Ethical standards boils down to the golden rule (do unto others as you would have them do unto you) (pg 367 / 5) - Before, scientists just had the task of seeking truth/ knowledge no matter what o If other people used such knowledge in an unethical fashion, this wasn’t their responsibility o However now, “the double-edged potentiality of scientific knowledge poses ethical problems for all scientists” – they have some responsibility over the monsters they spawn (e.g. brainwashing from research on reducing prejudice) Ethical Codes for Researchers - Especially for psychologists – often dealing with humans - Purpose of code of ethics: to
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