Textbook Notes (363,166)
Canada (158,236)
Psychology (1,086)
PSYC 221 (49)
Chapter 12

PSYC 221 Chapter 12: Psych 221 Chapter 12 Textbook Notes

9 Pages
Unlock Document

Queen's University
PSYC 221
Monica Castelhano

Chapter 12: Problem Solving Problem occurs when there is an obstacle between a present state and a goal and it is not immediately obvious how to get around the obstacle It is difficult and not obvious to get around The Gestalt Approach: Problem Solving as Representation and Restructuring: Problem solving was about: o How people represent a problem in their mind Ex. Solving a crossword puzzle o How solving a problem involves a reorganization or restructuring of this representation Restructuringprocess of changing the problems representation, according to Gestalt psychologists restructuring is the key mechanism of problem solving Insightthe sudden realization of a problems solution Gestalt psychologists assumed people solving their problems were experiencing insight because the solutions usually seemed to come to them all of a sudden Janet Metcalfe David Wiebe o Distinguish between insight problems and noninsight problems o Subjects were presented with insight problems and noninsight problems, then asked them to make a warmth judgement every 15 seconds as they were working on the problems. Ratings closer to hot indicated they believed they were getting closer to the solution, and cold further Insight Problems: Triangle Problem move three dots in order to make the triangle point to the bottom of the page Chain Problem women has 4 pieces of a chain, each piece is made up of three links, she wants to join them into a close single loop chai. To open a links costs 2 cents and to close costs 3. She only has 15. How does she do it? Noninsight Problems: Incremental A problem that can be solved by following a particular set of rules that lead to answer Algebra problems o Results: Insight problemswarmth ratings began at 2 and then didnt change much until seconds before the solution, and all of a sudden went to 7 (highest rate). Noninsight problemswarmth ratings increased gradually Therefore, solutions for insight problems occur suddenly Obstacles to Problem Solving: Fixation peoples tendency to focus on a specific characteristic of the problem that keeps them from arriving at a solution o Functional fixation focusing on familiar functions or uses of an object
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 221

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.