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PSYC 241 Ch1 Intro.pdf

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 241
Professor
Roderick C L Lindsay
Semester
Winter

Description
PSYC  241  –  Introduction  to  Social  Psychology   Chapter  1   What  is  social  psychology?     Social  psychology:  how  individuals  think,  feel,  and  behave  in  a  social  context.       Social  psychology  is  a  scientific  study.  People’s  attitudes  change  when  they  are  with  different   people,  in  a  different  mood,  etc.  Whereas  other  social  sciences  focus  on  studying  the  attitudes  in  a   particular  domain,  social  psychology  focuses  on  understanding  a  variety  of  attitudes  in  different   settings.       Social  groups  can  have  the  power  to  change  our  person.  Think  about  ways  in  which  you  are   different  with  different  groups  of  friends.  Think  about  activities  you  have  gone  along  with  despite   not  seeing  their  value  because  of  a  group  of  friends.       We  are  social  beings,  and  when  we  recall  a  memory  it  is  often  of  the  people  we  spent  it  with.       Sometimes  social  psychology  research  can  appear  to  delve  into  nonsocial  topics   For  instance:   • Does  warmer  weather  mark  an  increase  in  aggression?   • Do  you  prefer  Nike  or  New  Balance?   Note  that  these  do  not  seem  like  social  questions.  Though  these  may  seem  to  be  largely  nonsocial   topics,  they  are  of  key  interest  in  social  psychology  because  they  either  concern  other  people   (such  as  being  aggressive  towards  them)  or  are  influenced  by  other  people  (such  as  a  celebrity   endorsement  for  Nike).       Difference  between  social  psychology  and  sociology  ...  lies  in  the  individual.  Sociology  tends  to   study  the  attitudes  of  a  group,  whereas  social  psychology  focuses  on  the  individual  in  a  group   setting.       Difference  between  social  psychology  and  abnormal  psychology  ...  lies  in  the  topic  of  interest.   Abnormal  psychology  focuses  on  disorders,  whereas  social  psychology  focuses  on  understanding   typical  behaviours.  Of  course  the  two  disciplines  intersect;  for  example,  being  bullied  can  have   impacts  on  mood  or  substance  use.       Difference  between  social  psychology  and  personality  psychology  ...  lies  in  pervasiveness.   Personality  psychology  looks  at  the  attitudes,  feelings,  and  behaviours  of  an  individual  that  are   stable  across  all  situations.  Social  psychology  looks  at  the  attitudes,  feelings,  and  behaviours  of  an   individual  in  different  social  settings  and  how  these  social  factors  affect  them  regardless  of   personality.  These  two  are  the  most  closely  linked  of  the  psychological  divisions.       Difference  between  social  psychology  and  cognitive  psychology  is  minimal.  Cognitive   psychology  studies  mental  processes.  Social  psychologists  are  interested  in  the  same  processes  as   they  pertain  to  incoming  social  contexts.         1   PSYC  241  –  Introduction  to  Social  Psychology   Correlation  between  health  psychology  and  social  psychology   Positive  social/family  networks  have  been  correlated  with  decreased  instances  of  heart  disease,   infection,  diabetes,  and  cancer.  Social  rejection  has  been  shown  to  activate  the  same  areas  of  the   brain  that  respond  to  physical  pain.  Contrarily,  social  reward  (such  as  being  treated  fairly)  has   been  shown  to  activate  the  same  areas  of  the  brain  that  respond  to  pleasurable  food  or  drink.       [...]     Possible  “founders”  of  social  psychology  (certainly  people  who  got  it  started):     William  McDougall,  Edward  Ross,  Floyd  Allport:  wrote  the  first  textbooks  that  put  a  name  to   social  psychology  as  its  own  area  of  study.  The  most  notable  of  the  three  is  Allport,  who  showed   the  significance  of  the  individual  in  a  social  setting  and  highlighted  the  importance  of  using  the   scientific  method.      
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