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Chapter 4

SOCY 302 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4 : Georges Braque

Social Sci, Edu and Soc Work - Sociology
Course Code
SOCY 302
Annette Burfoot

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Week 2: Chapter 4 – Defining Visual Culture
Realism and Perspective: From Renaissance Paintings to Digital Media
Realism: realist image depicts something as it would be seen by the eye, however
art is not always dependent on actual representations of the real world – i.e
Christian paintings with fish to symbolize Christ
Originally, the Church favoured works with religious meaning, later on it became
more important to produce images as close to what the eye sees
Example of realism: clay soldiers being buried with China Chins dynasty tomb
for “protection”, to replace real soldiers to protect the king
Throughout history, conventions and techniques of representation have given
shape and been shaped by that cultures particular conventions of seeing – a
cultures understanding of how embodied visions works or its understandings of
the world
Visual Codes and Historical Meaning
Portrait of Alive Liddel from the Victorian era
Photographed by Julia Cameron
Sepia tone
An identical reproduction of the meaning would not convey the same meaning
Neoclassical era
Questions of Realism
Realism: refers to a set of conventions or a style of art or representation that is
understood at a given historical moment to accurately represent nature or the real
or to convey and interpret accurate or universal meanings of people, objects, and
events of the world.  to reproduce reality as it is
Socialist realism is a classical pictorial design represented style of painting that
was embraced by the Soviet union which advanced principles of Soviet manifesto
geometric, abstraction and objective forms
Vertov “Man with a Movie Camera” – using strategies of reflexivity to capture the
experience of life in modern soviet city – his film captures attention of the day to
day life of modern soviet people – Stalin mandated realism in 1930s – happy,
healthy workers embracing realism and technology
Stalinist Soviet: enforced art styles that could be used to enforce nationalism,
became dangerous to make abstract art – Oscar Rabine and Evgeny Rukhin
attempted to display their abstract art but was torn down with water cans and
bulldozers by state officials
Poetic Realim in France: filmmaking in 1930s, a dark and lyrical style influenced
by surrealism, the films stylized dramatized the real social conditions of the
French working class “The Children of Paradise”, “Grand Illusion”, “The Rules
of the Game”
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