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Chapter 11

Chapter 11- Depreciation, impairment and disposition.docx

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Department
Accounting
Course
ACC 414
Professor
Else Grech
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 11- Depreciation, impairment and disposition  Depreciation: means of cost allocation o It is a process of allocating the depreciable amount of a property, plant, and equipement asset to expense in a systematic manner to those periods expected to benefit from its use. FACTORS CONSIDERED IN THE DEPRECIATION PROCESS  What asset components are depreciated separately o Componentization policy: decision on which assets to recognize separately  Identify each part of PP&E asset whose cost is a significant portion of the total asset cost as a separate component  Group together significan components with similar useful lives and patterns of providing economic benefits  Add together the costs of the remaining parts of the asset, none of which is individually significant. These may be depreciated as single component, taking into account the nature of the different parts  Group together individual minor assets to depreciate as one component based on the similarity of their useful life and pattern of consumption   What is the asset’s depreciable amount: difference between asset’s cost (or revalued amount) and its residual value o Residual value: the estimated amount a company would receive today on disposal of the asset, less any related disposal costs, if the asset were at the same age and condition it is expected to be in at the end of its useful life  Over what period is the asset depreciated o Useful life: the period during which the asset is expected to be available for use by the entity  Also can be stated through number of units of product/service that the asset is expected to produce/provide o Depreciation begins when asset is available for use o Depreciation ends when asset is derecognized or held for sale  What pattern best reflects how the assets economic benefits are used up o The resulting depreciation should reflect the pattern in which the asset benefits are expected to be used up by the entity.  Straight line method: where depreciation is considered a function of the passage of time.  Declining method: higher depreciation expense in the earlier years and lower charges for later periods through a percentage that remains constant throughout the assets life.  Assets residual value is not deducted.  Activity method (units of production): where depreiciation is calculated according to the usage or productivity.  *note* depreciation is only an estimate 1 OTHER DEPRECIATION ISSUES  How should depreciation be calculated for partial periods? o Policies are usually set to simplify the processes o If using the declining method, remember to proportion it accordingly to years of service and not the ending of periods  How are revisions to depreciation rates made and reported? o A change in these variables (expected pattern of consumtion, expected useful life, and estimated residual value) requires that either the depreciation method or rate also be changed. o NOT ALOUD to correct the records, or make a catch-up adjustment for any differences  They account for changes in estimate proactively; i.e., in the period of change and in the future, if applicable IMPAIREMENT  Indication of impairment: assets must be assessed for indications
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