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Chapter 1-2

BLG10A/B Chapter 1-2: BLG10A WEEK 1 TEXTBOOK NOTES.docx
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Department
Biology
Course
BLG 10A/B
Professor
Emily Agard
Semester
Fall

Description
BLG10AWEEK1Chapter1TheHumanBodyAnOrientationThreeessentialconceptsthecomplementaryofstructureandfunctionthehierarchyofstructuralorganizationandhomeostasiswillformthebedrockforyourstudyofthehumanbodyANOVERVIEWOFANATOMYANDPHYSIOLOGYComplementarybranchesofscienceanatomyandphysiologyprovideconceptshelpingusunderstandhumanbodyAnatomystudiesthestructureofbodypartsandtheirrelationshipstooneanotherPhysiologyfocusesonthefunctionofthebodyhowthebodypartsworkandcarryouttheirlifesustainingactivitiesWhenreferringtoanybodystructuresandorphysiologicalvaluesitsinreferencetoahealthyyoung22yearoldmaleweighting155lbsorfemaleweighingabout125lbsTopicsofAnatomyGrossMacroscopicanatomyisthestudyoflargebodystructuresvisibletothenakedeyeieheartlungsandkidneysAnatomyisderivedfromtheGreekwordsmeaningtocutapartSubdivisionsofmacroscopicanatomyRegionalanatomyallthestructuresmusclesbonesbloodvesselsnervesetcinaparticularregionofthebodysuchastheabdomenorlegareexaminedatthesametimeSystemicanatomybodystructureisstudiedsystembysystemoIewhenstudyingcardiovascularsystemsyoudexamineheartandbloodvesselsofentirebodySurfaceanatomyisthestudyofinternalstructuresastheyrelatetotheoverlyingskinsurfaceoIeidentifyingbulgingmusclesbeneathabodybuildersskinMicroscopicanatomydealswithstructurestoosmalltobeseenwiththenakedeyeoIeexceedinglythinslicesofbodytissuesstainedandmountedonglassslidesSubdivisionsofmicroscopicanatomyCytologythecellsofthebodyHistologythestudyoftissuesDevelopmentalanatomytracesstructuralchangesthatoccurinthebodythroughoutthelifespanSubdivisionofdevelopmentalanatomyEmbryologydevelopmentalchangesthatoccurbeforebirthSomebranchesusedprimarilyformedicaldiagnosisscientificresearchoIepathologicalanatomystudiesofstructuralchangescausedbydiseasesoRadiographicanatomystudiesinternalstructuresvisualizedbyXrayimagesorscanningproceduresSubjectsofinterestsrangefromeasilyseenstructurestosmallestmoleculeforanatomistsEssentialtoolsforstudyinganatomy1Masteryofanatomicalterminology2Observation3Manipulation4Palpationfeelingsorganswithyourhandsinalivingperson5AuscultationlisteningtoorgansoundswithastethoscopeTopicsofPhysiologyManysubdivisionsinphysiologymostconsideroperationofspecificorgansystemsRenalphysiologyconcernskidneyfunctionandurineproductionNeurophysiologyexplainstheworkingsofthenervoussystemCardiovascularphysiologyexaminestheoperationoftheheartandbloodvesselsOftenfocusesatthecellularormolecularlevelsbecausebodysabilitiesreplyonindividualcellscellsdependonchemicalreactionsoccurringwithinComplementarityofStructureandFunctionPrincipleofcomplementarityofstructureandfunctionisaconceptthatexplainsthatalthoughitspossibletostudyanatomyandphysiologyseparatelytheyrereallyinseparablebecausefunctionalwaysreflectsstructureWhatastructurecandodependsonitsspecificformoIebonescansupportandprotectbodyorgansbecausetheycontainhardmineraldepositsLEVELSOFSTRUCTURALORGANIZATIONSimplestlevelofstructuralhierarchyinhumanbodyisthechemicallevelChemicallevelAtthislevelatomscombinetoformmoleculesthatinturnassociateinspecificwaystoformorganellesbasiccomponentsofthemicroscopiccellsCellsarethesmallestunitsoflivingthingsCellularlevelCellshavesomecommonfunctionsbutindividualcellsvarywidelyinshapeandsizereflectinguniquefunctionsinthebodyTissuelevelTissuesaregroupsofsimilarcellsthathaveacommonfunctionFourbasictissuetypesinthehumanbody1Epitheliumcoversbodysurfaceandlinesitscavities2Muscleprovidesmovement3Connectivetissuesupportsandprotectsbodyorgans
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