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Chapter 2

CRI 200 Chapter 2: Readings: Week 5 - Murray & Trowsow ch.2

Creative Industries
Course Code
CRI 200
Jeremy Shtern

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Copyright History
Adapted from British law and French law/tradition + US market and influence
Many debates extended from the past till today
The comparisons of past and present issues can alert us of the different possibilities that
we may not see by only looking at our current situations
The international dimensions
3 observations to keep in mind:
1. Copyright history is short
2. Although copyright does indeed benefit many authors, authors have not been its main
concern or driving force
3. Copyright is a pragmatic policy tool that exists in widely differing forms
Canada’s Three Copyright Legacies
The United Kingdom
Main support was through patronage > individual creators
Creators could sell their copy only once and would not get any added benefits of their
work in terms of reprinting
Licensing system fell after civil war
 Parliaet let the liesig at lapse oopol to the “tatioers’ opa from 1557)
This spurred a sese of author’s rights hih eerged thereof
During the unregulated period, many printing companies sprang up to meet the growing
consumer demands
1710 Statute of Anne is said to be the start of copyright
Regulated book trade/ print
Copyright was for 14 years, renewable for another 14 if the author was still alive
1774, the House of Lords ruled that any common-law copyright was cancelled
That decision left us w/ the principle of today: that copyright is statute not common law
The United States
US legislators created a new body of law based of the Statute of ANne
Had different legal principles that better fit their cultural and economic development
US Constitution - article I, sec8 gives power to congress to enact legislation
TO promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited time to
authors/ ietors the elusie right to their respetie ritigs ad disoeries
Utilitarian justification for copyright
Exclusive rights are not for constitutional goals but for long term public benefit to
promote science and art
Responding to censorship in England, the 1st amendment to the constitution was the guarantee
of freedom of speech
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