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Canada (162,041)
Criminology (124)
CRM 100 (52)
Chapter 5

CRM 100 Chapter 5.docx

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CRM 100
Tsasha Awong

CRM 100: Chapter 5 9/22/2013 10:54:00 AM Police Operations Police play a crucial role in the CJS, they‟ve had great innovation  DNA: Analyze evidence in order to determine whether an individual should be prosecuted or not  CCTV (Closed Circuit TV) surveillance cameras o Consists of a video camera monitor and a recording device o New technology allows CCTV to do facial recognition Development of Modern Policing Industrial Revolution increased population in urban areas thus, socials problems (poverty, crime, disorder) began to increase  In 1829, Sir Robert Peel‟s plan led to a creation of 3,200 member police force with professional standards to enforce law  Recognized by their uniforms and had army-like ranking system o They were to reduce tension & conflict between law enforcement officers and the public o They were to use non-violent means in keeping the peace, with violence to be used only as last resort o They were to relieve the military from certain duties, such as controlling crimes o They were to be judged on the absence of crime rather than by high-visibility police actions  Main goal was to prevent crime through use of preventative patrols Early Canadian Police Experience First individuals involved in policing appeared in Quebec in 1651  1 permanent constables was in Quebec & Montreal in 1833  Ontario municipalities followed law enforcement from England  1835, Toronto hired six men to be its first constables; task was to police the city at night  NWNP (old RCMP) was to police and control lands purchased from the Hudson‟s Bay company by the federal company in 1869 Rise of Municipal Police The early municipal police had 3 main functions  Maintain public order, prevent and control crime, & provide services to the community  Policing changed from „20s-„50s to fight crimes exclusively o Developing specialized units, such as homicide and robbery o Shifting from foot patrols to motorized patrols o Creating patrol systems based on criteria (crime rates, response times, calls for service) o Recruiting new police officers through psychology testing and civil service testing Distribution of Police in Canada Three different jurisdictional levels of policing (municipal, provincial, federal)  In 2011, 45,630 (67%) officers were with municipal police  Provincial police employed 10,211 officers (15% of all personnel) Provincial polices: OPP, SQ (Surete du Quebec) , & Newfoundland  RCMP has jurisdiction all over for enforcing federal statues, carrying out executive orders, and provide security for dignitaries o In 2011, 4,509 (6%) officers were with the RCMP Organization of the Police Police forces are bureaucracies, in order to provide services efficiently,
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