Textbook Notes (368,326)
Canada (161,799)
Criminology (124)
CRM 102 (29)
Chapter 9

SCOTT CLARK CRM102 Chapter 9 TEXBOOK

3 Pages
79 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Criminology
Course
CRM 102
Professor
Scott Clark
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 9: Left Realism Introduction: • Seen as the best response to two conflicting perspectives on crime; Marxist Criminology and New Right Criminology • Left realists wanted to highlight that majority of victims of street crime were from working class NOT middle and upper classes • Wanted to reorient the law and order debate away from the middle class fear of the working class • Focus on how the working class suffers from crime • Reasonable and practical response to problem of crime in inner cities Social Context: • Political response to the law and order agenda of the right • Emphasis on controlling crime rather than dealing with the causes of it could be seen in the responses to the British riots of 1981 • Riots occurred in areas of poverty and high levels of unemployment • Left realists argued that the riots had 3 factors; (1) West Indian Counterculture, (2) political marginalization of the inner city and (3) policing methods • Argue that countercultures thrive where the expectations of material rewards are not available to certain sectors of the family • Those who lived in decaying city areas lacked access to an effective voice within the political process • Government & state agencies didn’t address marginalization felt by people in certain areas • LR (left realists) argue that police deliberately shift away from deprived neighbourhoods • UK riots set the early formulation of LR being defined as a theory primarily concerned with the control of crime rather than the preconditions of crime • Major concern of the marginalized poor was not crimes of the powerful as suggested by Marxist criminology but domestic violence that was an everyday experience • For left realists it was the street crime of inner city neighbourhoods that should form the focus of criminology Basic Concepts: • Pragmatic focus on crime control • Not concerned with lengthy analyses of what crime is • Content is to define crime as contained in the legal code • Defines crime in traditional terms because local residents are likely to view crime in traditional terms • Major tool of LR is the local crime victim survey • Emphasis is on addressing the concerns expressed by inner-city populations • More recent analysis is focused on “square of crime” – consisting of 2 dyads • (1) concerned with criminal act which consists of the offender and victim, (2) social control which includes social action and social reaction • Acomplete analysis should focus on both dyads • Cause of crime can span the condition of the working class areas including; poor facilities and lack of jobs • Cause of crime results from the amalgamation of 3 aspects: (1) deprivation of those in the working class which gives rise to countercultures,(2) lack of access to political sphere, (3) dissent and police responses • Offenders are responsible for their behaviour which is antisocial and destructive • Motivation to offend springs from relative deprivation and offenders do not offend as a result of free will • Crime can be controlled by p
More Less

Related notes for CRM 102

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit