Textbook Notes (368,245)
Canada (161,733)
Criminology (124)
CRM 102 (29)
Chapter 8

SCOTT CLARK CRM102 Chapter 8 TEXBOOK

4 Pages
100 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Criminology
Course
CRM 102
Professor
Scott Clark
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 8: New Right Criminology Introduction: • 60s, 70s and 80s were a time of political and social change • Political ideologies dominated and ‘law and order’emerged as an issue • This approach of crime has a populist dimension (related to political process) + academic dimension (related to criminologists) • Fundamental ideas based on 2 themes: (1) placing responsibility for crime on individual and (2) reasserting importance of punishment in response to crime Social Context: • New Right refers to particular political orientation • Conservative perspective as opposed to liberalism of strain and labelling theory • Alienation and marginalization of a significant number of people in society; associated with antisocial and deviant behaviour • By the 1980s there was a swing to the right at the level of policy formulation and development • 1980s saw emphasis on controlling union power + enhancing wealth creation • Canada’s free-trade partnership with the States in 1986/87 (CUSFTA) was finalized • Rise in ‘law and order’politics both domestically and internationally • Internationally – former concerns of human rights were replaced with the concern of drugs and terrorism • Domestically – an attack on the disorder of society • Demand for more punitive attitudes in areas of young offenders and juvenile justice • 1984 Young Offenders Act demanded that youth be held responsible for their behaviour • New Right Criminology (NRC) revolves around individuals in society + provide positive, punitive approach to issues of crime • Populism isn’t an ideology but a loosely defined mood • Basis of “us vs. them” • “Us” is viewed as virtuous, “them” being viewed as parasites, destructive to the social body • Criminal viewed outside of society – not bound by normal social rules of conduct • Populism reduces all crimes to simple solutions • Offenders are entirely responsible for their actions; not seen as members of the community • Specific groups of people are singled out; young people, aboriginals, social welfare recipients • Hogg and Brown (1998) identified key assumptions known as ‘law and order commonsense’ o Crime rates are soaring o Criminal justice is too soft on crime o Police should have more powers o Greater satisfaction of victims demands more retribution through courts • These general law and order commonsense are aspects in which electronic and print media portray crime (often sensationalized) Basic Concepts: • Main elements of NRC include combo of conservative moralizing + free market competitive ethos • NRC opposed to perspectives that emphasize treatment and reform rather punishment • Asserts that people must pay for the choices they make “if you do the crime, you do the time” • Includes several strands; some w/philosophical views regarding nature of human activity • 2 general views on nature and crime – right wing libertarianism and traditionalist conservatism Right Wing Libertarianism: • Human beings conceived as rational entities of free will • Based on moral philosophy of egoism (selfishness) – there should not be a duty not to initiate force over others • Crime defined as infringement of private property including one’s physical self • Crime as only those acts that violate natural rights of others • Cause of crime is the individual and should therefore be held responsible • Fundamentally matter of rational choice involving incentives and disincentives • Generally favours the promotion of retribution, deterrence and incapacitation in response to crime • Just deserts philosophy where punishment should be proportional to the crime • Morality is rooted in the individualistic ethos of personal responsibility and self-control • Supports the idea that security, law enforcement and prisons should be private rather than public Traditionalist Conservative: • Includes activity that n
More Less

Related notes for CRM 102

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit