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Chapter 1+2

CYC 302 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1+2: Homeostasis

Child and Youth Care
Course Code
CYC 302
Lisa Pena- Sabanal

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CYC302 Time In Chapters One and Two: Week One
*21st century work has shown play to develop self esteem, social/emotional development, healthy parent
relationships, brain development, academics and health because it helps maintain balance and is
*Children learn through play and express themselves; however some traumatized children don’t know
how to play and therefore require a facilitator trained in therapeutic activities
Therapeutic Play
Play for Fun
*Pleasure through play makes it a motivator/stimulator for children and can alter a situation or mood and
allows children to relax
*3 types include..
*Physical Skill: determined by players’ abilities in gross motor activities (who has highest)
*Strategy: determined by cognitive skills (who has highest determined outcome)
*Chance: determined by luck (outcome has no bearing on child’s abilities)
Play to Learn
*Learning games for mathematics/songs for alphabet
*Guided fantasy experience to be aware of emotions
*Art to experiment with color/shapes
*Cooperative games and activities for self expression
*Role playing to gain insight on behaviors of themselves and others
*Benefits emotional development due to expressive nature
*Benefits intellectual/cognitive development by providing children with a context to explore and express
intelligence which occurs as child experiences and manipulates environment
*Ex. density, mass, math, use of levers, strategy based games, problem solving exercises, etc
Play to Heal
*Use of toys, props and structured conversations to allow children to express grief
*Sensory activities (art, drama, music) to assist children in making sense of traumatic experiences;
structured for different life experiences and have specific goals
The Role of Play Facilitator
* Maintaining safety (physical and psychological) is the main goal in group activities
* Role of facilitator is 2 way communication; child expresses interest/a question and facilitator expresses
motivation and resources; child provides a want and facilitator provides access to this
* Therapeutic environment needs to attract children and provide safety (emotional, social, cultural and
ideological) and inclusivity as well as an element of individuality giving the child a sense of ownership
* Safe environment = engagement in socially acceptable behaviors
* Physical safety (ex. clean surface), social and emotional safety (encouragement to express emotions
allows authenticity in interactions, rules enforced to highlight inclusivity), cultural and ideological safety
(cultures recognized and respected through games and literature, games reflecting diversity)
* Children only need their imagination and socializing skills to play, therefore children should be the ones
enforcing the play; manipulation of play environment is primary factor in satisfaction
Outdoor Play Environments
* Nature has a way of returning children to a state of homeostasis (balance)
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