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Chapter 1+2

CYC 302 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1+2: Constant Contact, Traffic Flow, Fluorescent Lamp

Child and Youth Care
Course Code
CYC 302
Lisa Pena- Sabanal

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CYC302 Healing Spaces Chapter One and Two: Week Two
Chapter One: An Introduction to the Therapeutic Milieu
* Therapeutic milieu has been important since the first child and youth care counsellor in 1801 (Jean
Itard), started with beginning of institutionalization of children in residential settings
* Concept of therapeutic environment born out of attempt to assist children not in a functional family
situation and required to live in residential setting; wanted to make setting more homelike aka
* Institutionalization: type of behavioral outcomes that result from children living in settings where all
decisions are made for them by rules and regulations of authority figured; showed disabilities
* Trishman focused on CYWs because they are in constant contact with children, focused on individual
needs of residents
* Therapeutic Milieu: special environment where CYWs interact in process of growth and change, initiates
an attempt to heal and recover
Five Environmental Elements
* All 5 are closely interrelated and dependent on each other
* Physical: concrete physical setting, certain aspects may bother a child or bring back past memories
* Emotional: temperament/emotional experiences/tactile/sensory experiences/emotional state, ability to
express emotions, level of acceptance within milieu
* Social: social interactions taking place within milieu, environment where CYW and child interact for
therapeutic benefit; ex. tense social environment could lead to a talk with the group of children where
they can figure out strategies and plans to stop fights from occurring
* Cultural: level of acceptance and celebration of differences, addresses cultures as well as
socioeconomic issues, sexual orientation, etc; need to address these issues as they arise with youth
* Ideological: body of ideas, beliefs and attitudes that are important to individuals, appreciation of right
and wrong, also includes principles of the agency, affects treatment decisions and techniques used
Maslow’s Hierarchy
* Starts with basics (food/water), then safety (physical/emotional), then love and belonging, then self
esteem, then self actualization (need to be best he/she can be)
* Needs fluctuate and regulate within environments; in therapeutic milieu, 2-4 are focused on as safety
(primary condition for success including physical, emotional and psychological), inclusion (belonging to
a peer group) and affirmation (physical, intellectual, social, emotional and spiritual; positive self esteem
leads to positive behavior which leads to affirmation from peers/family, highest level of gratification)
Environmental Elements and Needs
* Example: in high school grade 9s are scared of certain floor because it is gang related, by evaluating
environment you realize that safety needs aren’t being met and a plan needs to be made in order to
promote inclusion
Chapter Two: The Physical Milieu
* The physical milieu is concrete and therefore the easiest to influence and change
* Children’s environments divided into physical meta-environment (all various environments of child) and
the therapeutic physical milieu (environments in which student has direct control to produce change)
Therapeutic Physical Milieu
* The physical milieu is the concrete physical environment where the child and student interact, provides
opportunities for student to have a direct influence on children by influencing and changing aspects of
the milieu to make it more comfortable, safe and relaxing for the child
* A therapeutically safe environment reduces the element of physical harm while providing learning
opportunities for the child as well (ex. classroom provides opportunities for cognitive development only
when it is properly lit and cleaned)
* Must create a safe and inclusive milieu while also blocking off areas that would not be secure (ex.
closets, secluded hallways)
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