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Chapter 13+14

CYC 302 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13+14: Dysfunctional Family, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Nonverbal Communication

Child and Youth Care
Course Code
CYC 302
Lisa Pena- Sabanal

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Therapeutic Recreation Programming Lecture Notes
Time In, Chapter 13 and 14
Relaxation, Imagery and Guided Fantasy: Chapter 13
Benefits of Relaxation
- Physiological benefits of relaxation include decreased oxygen consumption, decreased carbon dioxide
production, lowered blood pressure, decreased heart rate, lowered level of lactate in blood systems and
intensified alpha brain waves; lowers stress levels and the effects it has on the body
- Provides a technique in which children are able to control their physiology, method of self soothing
- Decreased stress on the central nervous system as it lessens/avoids many forms of heart and respiratory
problems and lowers the possibility of strokes and stress related diseases
- Increases memory, intensifies creative thinking, promotes assimilation of learning, is a preparatory
process to problem solving and allows children to focus their energy and creativity
Uses for Relaxation
- Useful before writing tests, public speaking, talking with parents, and for medical/dental appointments
- Assists children with coping in dysfunctional families, dealing with the effects of trauma, poverty and
separation, or dealing with an unhealthy environment
- Calms and quiets overstimulated children, prepares children for restful sleep, relaxation at meal times
promotes digestion
- Imagery: an internal process that requires the children to see with the mind’s eye, hear with the inner
ear and feel the inner self
- Involves manipulation of senses to conjure images, sounds, emotions and sensations in order to assist
children in creating an internal reality
- Children can be taught to imagine themselves as being confident and successful, assists children in
creating a state of eternal relaxation and can be used to help children focus on specific tasks
Guided Fantasy
- Structured form of imagery where children are told a story or given specific directions to allow them to
fantasize or recreate an internal reality, allows them to experience and benefit from the story in a way
that suits them by creating an element of choice for the child
- Centring: form of guided fantasy, technique that focuses children’s energy and concentration on a given
task or subject, assists children to feel balanced/confident/in control/strong/calm/concentrated
- Physical Centring: state of physical awareness where children feel grounded or anchored to
their environment (grounding), reduced hyperactivity and hyper-arousal
- Cognitive/Intellectual Centring: focuses a relaxed mind and body on a specific subject (ex.
brainstorming), desensitization to feelings that hamper learning
- Emotional Centring: allows children to experience balance in their emotional lives, to make
better choices in emotional responses and present them with a range of emotional experiences in
order to increase their ability to deal with emotion
- Spiritual/Meditative Centring: focuses on God, nature, the universe, beauty, the meaning of life,
death and the afterlife, allows children to experience their own awareness of ideas, express
awareness to apply them to their own feelings/thoughts/behaviors
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