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FSN 123 (20)
Chapter 5

In Fashion Chapter 5 Outline

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Ryerson University
FSN 123
Luann Lafrenz

Textiles, Fibers, and Fabrics (Chapter 5) Primary suppliers – textile fiber and textile fabric manufacturers, also includes makers of trimmings THE FIBER INDUSTRY Fiber – smallest elements of a fabric, starting point of a fabric, gives a fabric its color, weight, texture, and durability Yarn – fibers twisted into a continuous thread Fabric – yarns knitted, bonded, or woven together Natural fibers – come from natural sources, must be converted to a fiber before use in fabric Manufactured fiber – comes from a chemists’ laboratory, are plentiful, 25 fibers available HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT The Development of Natural Fibers Cotton - Most widely used of all the natural fibers - Made of cellulose - Absorb moisture quickly, dry quickly, have a cooling effect Wool - Fiber from the coat of a sheep - Animal fiber = protein - Natural insulator and used to make warm clothes - Has a natural crimp = forms bulky yarns for insulation from the cold - Absorbs moisture slowly, dries slowly Silk - From cocoon of a silkworm - Known for luxurious feel - Breathable fabric that can be worn year-round Flax - Used to make linen - From the stem of a flax plant - Strongest of all the vegetable fibers - Absorbs moisture quickly, dries quickly Ramie - Comes from woody leafed Asian plant grown in China - Linen-like fabric, inexpensive Hemp - Fibrous plant Chart – pg. 103 TIMELESS TREASURES – Cotton Incorporated Pg. 102 THE DEVELOPMENT OF MANUFACTURED FIBRES - Rayon – first synthetic fiber - Cellulosic fibers – rayon, acetate, triacetate, lyocell - Noncellulosic fibers – made of petroleum, coal, natural gas, air, water Generic Names for Manufactured Fibers Generic names – non-trademarked names for 25 different fibers Brand names – trademarks, names that are registered Microfibers - A fiber that is 2-3 times smaller than human hair - Thinnest and finest of all manufactured fibers - Touch similar to silk/cashmere - Wrinkle resistant, can be machine washed and dried Chart – Pg. 105 IN THE FASHION SPOTLIGHT – Home Textiles - “Home Textiles” refers to the textiles used in manufacturing home furnishings - Pg. 106 ORGANIZATION AND OPERATION The Natural Fiber Industry - Natural fiber industry has been affected by the advent of manufactured fibers - Natural fiber industry have become more attuned to the needs of their customers - The industry is more aggressive about finding new uses for natural-fiber based products - Is now promoted as a year-round fiber (cotton) The Manufactured Fiber Industry - Chemical companies are very adaptable, and require only supplied of raw materials, power, and labor Fiber Development Textile Fibers Products Identification Act of 1960 – consumer products that use textile fibers are required to have labels that show the country where the fiber was made, generic names, percentage of fibers, and weight Fiber Distribution Producers of manufactured fibers sell their fibers in 1 of 3 ways: 1. As unbranded products, with no restrictions placed on their end use or required standards of performance 2. As branded/trademarked fibers, with assurance to consumers that the quality of the fiber has been controlled by the producer, but not necessarily the quality of the end product 3. Under a licensing agreement, where the use of the fiber trademark is permitted only to those manufacturers whose end products past tests that are made by the fiber producer MERCHANDISING AND MARKETING Advertising and Publicity - Manufactured fiber companies spend more money on advertising than natural fiber companies - Natural fiber companies promote the fiber itself (cotton inc) - Advertising benefits the fiber industry is 2 ways: - 1. Consumers begin to associate the fiber name with other names that are already familiar - 2. Fabric and garment producers are encouraged to use and promote the fiber Research and Development - Individual large companies conduct the research and development themselves - Natural fiber companies work through the trade group for a particular fiber Customer Service - Pg. 111 Trends in the Fiber Industry - Major dramatic trend – increase in use of blends of natural and manufactured fibers - Fiber industry is fighting hard to overcome the rapid increase of imports into its domestic markets - Manufactured fibers account for more than 85% of fiber usage THE TEXTILE FABRIC INDUSTRY Textile fabric – any material that is made b
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