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Chapter 3

FSN 503 Chapter 3: Chapter 3 - Modernity
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Department
Fashion
Course Code
FSN 503
Professor
Catherine Sutton

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Images are factors in the power relations between peoples and individuals and institutions We see the medium in which an image is presented to us (screen, print), and the context in which we are viewing it Our social world is increasingly organized around practices of looking, even if youre unable to see Glasses, braille, etc. etc. Spectatorship allows us to talk about this broader context in which looking is enacted in an interactive, multimodal, and relational field (pg. 93) The context in which looking practices are engaged the gaze A gaze is long and sustained; more than a glance, more invested and relational to the thing being gazed upon The Subject of Modernity Rene Descartes was interested in using science and mathematics to establish rational certainty about the world and nature I think, therefore I am; essentially nothing is certain outside of the mind The world is only accurately interpreted when we represent it in though, not when we experience it through the senses and not when we imagine it in our minds eye (95) Modernity refers to the historical, cultural, political, and economic conditions related to the Enlightenment (18c philosophical movement) Rise of the industrial society and scientific rationalism Also believe industrialization, technological intervention in nature, democracy and the market economy were the hallmarks of social progress All the countries that became modern in that area did so at different paces and with varying degrees of success (e.g. the US revolution was associated with modernity under these pillars, but the Soviet Union embraced the modern forms of industrialization and technological advancement tied to a communist ethos) Europe usually enacted modern policies in a topdown fashion; done in a paternalistic fashion to its colonies They believed that European practices were better than that of their colonies Modern generally refers to contemporary times, but in art and culture it refers to the 1880s late 19c The idea of modernity within society has changed with time Ideas of modernity flourished The idea of modernity within society has changed with time Ideas of modernity flourished as a rural population began to move to the city Tied hand in hand with the rise of industrial capitalism Embraced new technologies in applicable arts such as architecture The Chrysler building in 1930, and skyscrapers as a concept, were a manifestation of this modern progress Vladimir Tatlins Monument to the Third International was another great example Meant to embody the meaning of revolution The different sectors of it would rotate at different intervals A Flaneur is an urban dandy who strolls through modern cities (Paris) interacting with the modern environment which he inhabits Charles Baudelaire (poet) and King Vidor (filmmaker) integrated the urban experience of being lost in a crowd of strangers, which came to characterize the social repercussions of industrial Progress, in their art
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