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Chapter 1

FSN 223 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Conspicuous Consumption, Kilt, Bombyx Mori

5 pages46 viewsWinter 2013

Course Code
FSN 223

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Chapter 1: The Fashion Impulse
Key Terms:
Accessories: items of apparel that enhance or complete an outfit, including head
wear, shoes, handbags, jewelry, body piercings, hairstyles, neckwear, umbrellas and
parasols, gloves, belts, cosmetics and perfume
Adidas: German sportswear and accessories brand established in 1920 by Adolph
and Rudolph Dassler. The name was a contraction of “Adi” and “Das”. The brand
name was registered in 1948. Adidas has become one of the dominant global
sportswear companies and is frequently adopted as the major licensed brand for
major sporting events such as the Olympic Games
Antifashion: an outfit or style that is outside the fashion system perhaps one that
is customary, traditional, or unchanging. The dress of groups such as Sloane
Rangers, European Royalty, Hassidic Jews, and traditional Muslims can be described
as antifashion
Bell Bottoms: trousers with extremely wide cuffs, originally worn by sailors
because they were suitable for rolling up the leg for deck work and for removing
quickly over shoes. They were revived as a fashion item in the 1960 and 1970s and
became associated with the hippy era and radicalism
Black: a dominant and enduring fashion color. Its meaning has changed over time
and its use often sends contradictory messages. Its connotations range from death,
power and danger to sexual allure and the avant-garde. These multiple signifiers
account for its continued attraction as shorthand for mystery and magic. The little
black dress, the versatile mainstay of the fashionable woman’s wardrobe, is
attributed to Coco Chanel.
Burka: a loose black or light blue robe covering the entire female body, often
covering the eyes, designed for modesty in public. Imposed by fundamentalist
Muslim regimes such as the Taliban in Afghanistan and the Iranian government.
Other forms are the chador, yashmak and hijab.
Capitalism: a private production system based on private property, the use of
waged labor, and profit created by entrepreneurialism that is inherently inequitable
Color Wheel: a system using the color spectrum and classifying colors as primary,
secondary, and tertiary hues that is used in fashion to determine compatible and
contrasting color combinations
Conspicuous Consumption: a phrase coined by Theodor Veblen in 1899 to
describe the tendency to mark social status through the competitive display of
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Disco: a 1970’s fashion style associated with popular dance. Disco dance dress
included leotards, stretch jeans, and leggings often made from spandex (stretch
fiber) in fluorescent colors and extravagantly decorated
Elizabethan: The English Renaissance period during the reign of Elizabeth I (1558-
1603), which was characterized by extravagant fabrics, jewels, and the shaping of
garments through padding and frames
Eroticism: aesthetic focus on sexual desire through the manipulation of the
spectacle of dress and display of the unclothed body; from the Greek word eros, the
name of the god of love. Fashion associated with eroticism includes lingerie and
fetish wear
Ethnographic: scientific classification of ethnic and racial groups in terms of
distinctive cultural practices and social mores. Ethnographic dress is generally
regarded as customary or traditional
Fabric: any material made from weaving, knitting, crocheting, or bonding of yarns
and threads to create a textile that is a fabric or cloth from which garments are
Fashion Cycle: the regular reappearance and regeneration of distinctive periodic
styles that serve as inspirations for new fashions and trends
Fashion Illustrations: art work depicting fashions and the construction of
garments that developed as a specialized art form before photography and digital
methods. Its appearance coincides with the development of fashion magazines in
the eighteenth centure
Garment: a textile fashioned into clothing
Globalization: the phenomenon of the 20th and 21st centuries that relates to social
and economic relations and interdependence that span many counties and
economies. The term specifically refers to the spread of the economic system of
Goths: a subculture that emerged in the early 1980s and embraced distinctive forms
of music, aesthetics and fashion shaped by an obsession with nihilism, alienation,
darkness, death and mysticism. Goth fashion in a mixture of styles influenced by
death rock, punk, androgynous, medieval, Renaissance and Victorian aesthetics,
usually black in color and complemented by thick black makeup and hair over
artificially pale skin
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