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Environments- present information. Stored information, stored information
Perceiver- physiological composition, psychological composition, cultural characteristics, current state of
Image- designative response, appraisive response
The shorter distance the greater intereaction
One faculty may influence the area is,
Lynch’s elements of the city
Imageability depended on how a person saw or perceived the icty not on how it acutally was.
Toronto- grid pattern, landmarks, clear, waterfront
Amsterdam- spiderweb of streets and canals and landmarks
Boston- grid pattern, common as a focal point, water boundaries
Are all clearly imaged cities. In contrast, north York/ scarborough
He suggested that five elements of the city existed
1. Path: paths are linear channels of movement, such as roads, subway lines, sidewalks, park trails,
2. Edges: edges are linear features that form barriers or boundaries. Edges may also be boundaries
between two distinct parts of the city.
3. NODES : Point features that can be entered and form foci, often of transportation paths.
4. Landmarks: Point features usually not entered but highly visible
5. Districts :Areas with an identifiable, homogenous character
Mental map is influenced with social-economic status, lower income people has less ability to
travel, vice versa.
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