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Chapter 5

GEO 106 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: North American Free Trade Agreement

Course Code
GEO 106
Margaret Buckby

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The Territorial imperative
Ethnologies r suggested that all animals are territorial by natureatio
that they have a territorial imperative
We seek territory:
-For security and stimulation
-To satisfy the need for basic sustenance
-To satisfy the need for identity
-Defined, it is:
-EX: say you’re a new immigrant from Taiwan, you will more comfortable to live around the place
with more Taiwanese (no cultural shock).
The continuous or discontinuous space sued by an individual or group for interactions that contribute to
satisfying the need for sustenance, security, stimulation, and identity and is strong related to sense of
The territorial imperative
While territory is most generally related to control of specific areas, it can also be seen in strategies to
exert control over other people, resources, or relationships
Example of resource conflicts
Thus territoriality provides a way to meet social-cultural needs of groups, such as
1. Regulation of social interaction ( law, informal or formal, customary practices. Ex
handshake for Canadian is more like a ceremony kinda of stuff.
2. Regulation of access to people and resources,
3. Provisions of a focus and a symbol of group membership and identity.
We see these attempts to control an area exerted at various scales by individuals, clubs, gaga
union, corporation, nations, and groups of states (EG, NAFTA, agreement between US, Ca,
-Look international joint commission, always come to
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Getting and keeping a territory requires territorial boundaries and defense of these boundaries, and this
is done through various means, from fairly passive to very aggressive
Formal political borders and property lines protected by force of arms and/ or force of law;
Informal “squatter’s rights and temporary possession through occupation as in a bus seat or place in a
queue, or a financial contract such as a campsite or hotel room.
Proxemic distance ( the “informal features”) are another example of boundaries
Defence of boundaries
Theyre are two major types of defense constructs:
Defense through marking:
-Objects, graffiti, fences, memberships, uniforms, signs, barriers.
Defense through overt behavior
-Gestures, position, posture, rituals, grouping weapons
Look at some examples
76 12 high poured
All streets in Soviet controlled East Berlin wer dug up and barrier erected. Wall evolved thoruhg versions
1961 rolled barbed wire fence
1062-1965 improved wire fence 12 high with notoruious “kill zone”
General Classifications of territory
Territorial Scale
1 Microterritory
The intimate and personal spaces of proexmics-your body terrioty
Territorial Scale Ownership/contro
1 Micro territory
The intimate and personal spaces of
Very high and permanent
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