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chpt 12 - quality of life .docx

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Ryerson University
GEO 106
Maria Piccioni

Chapter 12: Quality of Life: How Great is your Neighbourhood? A Quality of Life Model - Quality of life: studies as people to evaluate the contextual and phenomenal environments of their own life, their neighbourhood, or their city in terms of their personal environment – their preferences, values, and satisfactions - With QoL, we classify the city based on a continuum of poor to better areas in which to live with respect to the population’s social well being - In general, QoL is having things you want to have (the good things of life) and not having things you don’t want to have (the bad things of life) QoL = f (R, O, P, A) (S, E, L, AP, QE) Where: Contributors to QoL:
 R: available resources
 O: available opportunities
 P: available environments
 A: attitudes towards resources, opportunities and environments Constraints to QoL:
 S: socio‐ economic constraints E: ethnic constraints 
 L: lifestyle status constraints AP: constraints on access to political power
 QE: poor quality of physical environments Issues in Analyzing Quality of Life - Are all the attributes equal in weight in contributing or constraining QoL? - What is the function “f”? - What variables could we use to measure the attributes? - What do people perceive to be contributing or constraining factors? - Are the attributes consistent across all geographic scales? - Do all sub-groups of society value QoL contributing attributes equally? - Are the attributes consistent across time? - Do all groups rank the QoL constraints equally? - What is QoL? Social Accounting ‐ The Roots of Quality of Life Analysis - QoL of a city’s population has been a matter of concern since cities were invented, b/c cities, by their nature, provide the best and the worst that civilization can offer. o Such high concentrations of people, money, power, cars, and manufacturing activities inevitable lead to excesses of pollution, disease, corruption and crime, but also to solutions related to health care, education and security - Even though we will live a technological world that has advantaged at a tremendous pace, turning out magical machines to entertain, cure, and improve out quality of lifestyle (if not life), we are faced with increasing social problems – poverty, drug abuse, crime, homelessness, racism and religious factionalism – that our machinery and technology can’t fix Quality of Life Indicators in the City - Two man approaches to evaluate QoL: o Traditional approach: assesses the resident population in terms of health and well being – often compares areas within a city o Recent approach: uses indicators of creative and human capital to measure QoL suggesting that amenity rich cities with diverse populations, abundant nightlife and cultural assets, and high tech industrial sectors will attract more capital – this compares cities, esp. in terms of potential for economic development - Why measure QoL? o While evaluation of QoL is based upon personal environments (your values, satisfactions, preferences) these QoL assessments are then used by researchers, planners and politicians in terms of group perceptions of how life should be lived (contextual environments) o 4 reasons for performing QoL studies: 1. To compare citi
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