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GEO 106 (85)
Chapter 1

GEO chapter 1.docx

5 Pages

Course Code
GEO 106
Abednego Aryee

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Spatical concepts and spatial dynamics  The nature of geography – Spatial interaction, area differentiation, spatial organization  Cultural relativity and cognitive filtering The concept of truth is relative  The Research Praxis  Space, location, place, site ,situation  Attributes of space: distance, direction, area What, where, why, who, when, how An individual needs to be numerate and articulate (qualitative) and very descriptive in your analysis. For instance, if I have to travel from here to where, how long and what the distance in between,  Pattison’s four traditions(1964): Asthenosphere weak layer 1. Area studies- regional geography The study of a region’s characteristic and attributes Richard hartshone 2. Human-Land- environmental geography How humans change and are changed by their environment Ellen Churchill Sample- moon is the product of the earth Environmental determinism- environment controls our condition, the type of occupation we engaged in Possibilism devoted by Vidal de la blache - the ability to transform the environment, environemt influences our action and thinking. 3. Spatial-location geography The analysis of general patterns in location, space, place, distance, direction and orientation Concrete-description Abstract – prescribe what things should be 4. Earth studies- physical geography The study of the lithosphere, biosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere Week 3 Cultural relativity and cognitive filtering The story of Rerabawa. Malinowski and cultural relativity. Making oatmeal in the jungle Rice is nice but bread instead. Tech-No fixes. Cognitive filtering… Cognition is the mental mechanism through which we process information and includes perception, memory, recall, language, decision making, action etc. Cognitive- personality, geodemographics, ability, socioeconomics, cultures. The research praxis What is it, where is it located, when is it from ,who develops it, how, why Began with description, Ideographic, explanation, nomothetic  The research steps Describe’ what does it look like? What happened? Descriptive tools and observation Explain- why does it look that way? Why did it happen? Theory, hypothesis and concept Predict- what is going to happened? Forecasting and monitoring. Prescribe – what can we do about it ? need s assessment and planning. Geographic concepts Distance  Five types:  Toronto to Kabul: Linear distance=10650km Time distance= 13 hrs Cognitive distance=not far enough Cultural difference= world’s apart Social distance= much different. Distance decay – the most fundamental of spatial constructs  The interaction between two objects declines with distance between them.  Tobler(1970) Said everything is related to everything else. The closer things are more related than distance things. Textbook p,12. Transferring the geometric properties of a sphere onto a flat map requires different projections for different attributes. You cannot, with a single projection, preserve all attributes: direction, area, and distance. SEP 16 Sale and chaos The big picture about and small 
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