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GEO 106 (85)
Chapter 5

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GEO 106
Abednego Aryee

CHAPTER 5 The Territorial imperative  Ethnologies r suggested that all animals are territorial by natureatio  that they have a territorial imperative We seek territory: - For security and stimulation - To satisfy the need for basic sustenance - To satisfy the need for identity - Defined, it is: - EX: say you’re a new immigrant from Taiwan, you will more comfortable to live around the place with more Taiwanese (no cultural shock). - The continuous or discontinuous space sued by an individual or group for interactions that contribute to satisfying the need for sustenance, security, stimulation, and identity and is strong related to sense of place. The territorial imperative  While territory is most generally related to control of specific areas, it can also be seen in strategies to exert control over other people, resources, or relationships  Example of resource conflicts  Thus territoriality provides a way to meet social-cultural needs of groups, such as 1. Regulation of social interaction ( law, informal or formal, customary practices. Ex handshake for Canadian is more like a ceremony kinda of stuff. 2. Regulation of access to people and resources, 3. Provisions of a focus and a symbol of group membership and identity. We see these attempts to control an area exerted at various scales by individuals, clubs, gaga union, corporation, nations, and groups of states (EG, NAFTA, agreement between US, Ca, Mexico - Look international joint commission, always come to Getting and keeping a territory requires territorial boundaries and defense of these boundaries, and this is done through various means, from fairly passive to very aggressive Boundaries  Formal political borders and property lines protected by force of arms and/ or force of law;  Informal “squatter’s rights’ and temporary possession through occupation as in a bus seat or place in a queue, or a financial contract such as a campsite or hotel room.  Proxemic distance ( the “informal features”) are another example of boundaries Defence of boundaries  Theyre are two major types of defense constructs: Defense through marking: - Objects, graffiti, fences, memberships, uniforms, signs, barriers. Defense through overt behavior - Gestures, position, posture, rituals, grouping weapons Look at some examples 76 12 high poured concrete All streets in Soviet controlled East Berlin wer dug up and barrier erected. Wall evolved thoruhg versions 1961 rolled barbed wire fence 1062-1965 improved wire fence 12 high with notoruious “kill zone” General Classifications of territory Territorial Scale 1 Microterritory  The intimate and personal spaces of proexmics-your body terrioty Territorial Scale Ownership/contro 1 Micro territory  Very high and permanent  The intimate and personal spaces of proxemics-your body territory  How you perceive the world Mesoterritory  Medium to high and smei-permanet
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