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GEO 793
Valentina Capurri

Sewell , John The Shape of the Suburbs Toronto  1950: celebrating the rural nature of Toronto suburbs o farms became more productive o rivers and streams were occupied over the weekend by the city people looking for a place to picnic.  The Don Valley Conservation Report: good intentions but no mechanism for implementation  report's recommendations: o better farm practices, improved farm ponds, better soil preservation, more assistance for farmers, protection of wild life o Don Valley forest be formally established o foot bridges be built and paths improved o City of Toronto and the district of East York enhances sewage disposal techniques to improve water quality in the lower reaches of the Don River Toronto's Inner Suburban Growth  1953: Sprawl begins o Europe immigrants came to Toronto o brought their ambitions, cultures, and skills, demand for consumer goods and places to live o Toronto became hub of financial sector o manufacturing sector expanded  The era of suburban growth o Toronto's population grew rapidly and it spread out to suburban areas o North York o Etobicoke o Scarborough o supplied with new water service, sewer, and roads o significant public funds were devoted to fuelling suburban growth o automobile became means of travel  How and why did things go wrong? o the Don Valley became mostly a transportation corridor o the Don Valley forest was cut down for suburban tract Sprawl: Is It Sustainable?  Sprawl in the GTA: http://www.thestar.com/news/article/922618--the-region-s-rise-and-sprawl o sprawl was more denser than other American cities o superhighway system left long-term effects on land use o supplying transit and commuting system dissipated  Sprawl in Ontario: http://www.greenbeltontario.org/pages/urbansprawl.htm Noble, Michael Toronto’s Inner Suburbs (1946-1980s):  North York  Scarborough  Etobicoke  there were dominated by automobile, strip malls, industrial buildings, and public housing, with few community facilities or historical buildings Causes of Inner Suburbs’ Decline  Inner suburb are a good example of poor urban form  Good urban built form: short blocks, small shops and parks, high population density, and pedestrian access  Suburban sprawl because of urban crowding, industrial pollution, and a booming population  Governments’ emphasis on the need to attract the creative class and build the creative city where cross-polarization will be encouraged between creative individuals Toronto’s Outer Suburbs  Toronto’s Outer Suburbs (1980s forwards) o large homes with generous lots were accessible to the middle class o residential area and industry area separated o automobile was seen as a quick, efficient, and affordable way to get around The 3 Cities of Toronto: A Phenomenon of Income Polarization  City #1 has seen incomes rise by 20%  City #2 has remained essentially static  City #3 has seen incomes drop by 20%  The majority of neighbourhoods in City #3 are in the inner suburbs Young and Keil , Reconnecting the disconnected  A “politics of infrastructure” o a growing awareness that "governing and experiencing the fabric of the city" involves political acts that produce and reproduce the infrastructure of urban regions o
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