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GMS 802 (28)
Jian Guan (28)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 ethic.docx

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Global Management Studies
GMS 802
Jian Guan

Chapter 1, The language of ethics Focus:  How to develop ethics-based tools for use in everyday management activities. 4 goals  To familiarize you with ethics and how the term is used in conversations about decision making  To examine the theoretical background of ethics by exploring three main traditions of ethical thought  To develop ethics decision-guides based on our discussion of ethical theory that you, future managers, can sue in case analysis and as part of larger framework for decisions making  To provide tests of your decisions to help you improve the quality of your choices and your ability to defend those decisions in moral terms What is ethics?  Refers to our efforts to figure what we should do and how we should live.  Involves the challenge of figuring out how to justify our behavior-both to ourselves and to tohers ( eg, to shareholder, and employees, and the public Why study Ethics?  To Clarify your values so you can make decisions align with them  To respect yourself as a person of good charater and integrity  To be accountable to others  To address issues such as” - Protection environment - Avoiding Scandals - Workplace harassment and discrimination - Will improve your ability to make good decisions and to be able to “defend” your choices Three traditions in ethics  The action or “means” people use to achieve their goals  The agents or “persons” who are acting in the situation  The ends or “goals” that are outcomes of acitons Action ( deal with more than right and wrong actions)  Focus on the “ actions that people take and attempts to determine whether an act is ethically acceptable regardless of the outcome  EX: Is lying someone “morally defensible?”  The means or actions we sued to pursue goals is 1.“ Deontology”道議論 - Maintains that there are certain standards of human decency and respect for the worth of others that rule out treating them in certain ways - Since actions are viewed as having inherently good or bad qualities, we need to understand how to make such determinations - Basically these standards tell us which behaviors are acceptable and which are not. - “Golden rule” treat other as you would have them treat you. Agent  Addresses issues of character – the personal traits ad qualities that define who we are as human “agent”. These traits include habits, priorities, and idiosyncrasies. Character ethics  Focuses on the agent, the individual, which looks at how various patterns of conduct come to define the kind of people we are. What it means to live well and what it means to be a good person Strength of character  Refers to the fortitude that allows individuals to adhere to their convictions or moral standard, even the cost of doing so will be great. ( a good character is virtue) Virtues  Are forms of human excellence that we embody after years of effort and training  Such as prudence, fairness, trustworthiness, and courage. Integrity  Means wholeness, which is the sense that you have a clear conscience and can affirm who you are and defend what you have done.  Person with this usually have a high moral standards and the strength of character to act according to their belief Ends  Concerned with pursuing and achieving laudable ends.  Includes the quest to make something of one’s life; the search for personal success and happiness; as well as our aspirations for our communities, such as prosperity, security and justice Consequentialism (the consequences the action lead to)  Focuses on the moral importance of the “ends we want or the goals we set, and the need to try to achive them throughout actions.  The moral worth of our actions is determined by the “consequences they are likely to generate  EX, do our actions create more good than bad in terms of realizing out goals or purposes? If so our actions can be defended, if not they are unjustified. Utilitarianisms  Creating the most favorable balance of benefit over harm, has heavily influenced economics and is the most well-known branch of consequentialism Two features of this branch of ethics  Agents need to be sure that the purposes or ends they set for themselves are morally defensible otherwise; it will be hard for the ends to justify anything. Let the morally questionable acts like lying of fair play. - Ex, establishing military force against combatants to ward off attack from other nations. However, the purpose of military conquest and world domination is not morally legitimate.  People need to take actions that create the most favorable consequences toward realizing their purpose. - EX, manager setting goals then developing action plans that help them achieve these goals, just as generals formulate plans that appear most promising in terms of achieving specific military objectives. In Conclusion  The focus is on selecting the course of action that would appear to create the “most favorable” balance of benefits versus harsh in achieving one’s purpose”  These three traditions, deontology, character ethics, and consequentialism. Each provides moral isight in attempting both to capture our moral sentiments and to establish norms for how we ought to live. Decision guides
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