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MHR 405 (330)
Chapter 7

Chapter 7

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Ryerson University
Human Resources
MHR 405
Sharon Matthews

CHAPTER 7: TEAM DYNAMICS WHAT IS A TEAM Group: is two or more people having common interest, objectives and continuing interaction Team: defined as two or more people with common objectives who are interdependent upon each other to achieve a particular task and who hold themselves accountable to each other All work teams are groups but not all groups are teams While groups do not necessarily work interdependently to achieve an organizational objective, teams do. Teams also emphasize goals and roles that are understood and agreed by all, open dialogue and team driven behavior. HOW TEAMS DIFFER Task Interdependence The degree of task-driven interaction among work team members. The nature of this interdependence can be reciprocal, sequential or pooled Pooled Interdependence Some teams work like baseball teams, with individual members having set responsibilities and the performance of the team resulting from the sum (pooling of) the performance of individual members When task interdependence is pooled, it means that team members work individually but either draw from a pool of common inputs or pool their outputs Sequential Interdependence Other teams work like football teams through coordinated action or sequential interdependence. Such teams rely on each other for resources with the output of one member becoming the input of another Reciprocal Interdependence These teams work like doubles tennis teams, with individuals having primary yet flexible responsibilities. In such teams, members have reciprocal interdependence, with work being exchanged back and forth among them. Different Types of Work Teams Temporary or Permanent Temporary teams include task forces, ad hoc committees, project teams and commissions of inquiry Permanent teams remain together and have ongoing responsibilities for specific functions in the organization. E.g. Self managed work teams: are teams whose members have autonomy to carry out interdependent tasks and make decisions that were once reserved for managers. Also called self directed or autonomous teams www.notesolution.com
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