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MHR 405 (330)
Chapter 1

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Human Resources
MHR 405
Gordon Wang

Chapter 1 Introduction to the Field of Organizational Behaviour The field of Organizational Behaviour Organizational Behaviour the study of what people think feel and do in and around organizationsExamines how individuals and teams in organizations relate to each other and to their counter parts in other organizations and interact with their external environments Organizations groups of people who work interdependently toward some purpose Some exist without physical walls or government documentationRequires communication coordination and collaborationMembers have degrees of interdependence with each other they accomplish goals by sharing materials information or expertise with coworkersMembers have a collective sense of purposeOB has been around for a long time it just wasnt organized into a unified discipline until around World War IIWhy study OB OB is important because it helps to fulfill the need to understand and predict the world in which we liveOB theories help us to question and rebuild our personal theories that have developed through observation and experience OB knowledge helps people get things done in organizationsProvides tools for working with and through others Ex Motivating coworkers handling conflicts influencing your boss Everyone is a manager Leadership teamwork employee engagement and other OB ideas tend to improve the organizations survival and success Perspectives of Organizational Effectiveness Organizational effectiveness is considered the ultimate dependent variable in OBThe organizations fit with the external environment internal subsystems configuration for high performance emphasis on organizational learning and ability to satisfy the needs of key stakeholders The best definition of organizational effectiveness is through a composite of four perspectives open systems organizational learning highperformance work practices and stakeholders Open Systems organizations depend on the external environment for resources affect that environment through their outputand consist of internal subsystems that transform inputs into outputsDepend on the external environment for resources
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