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Chapter 8

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Human Resources
MHR 405
Kristyn Scott

Chapter8TeamDynamicsTeams are groups of two or more people who interact and influence each other are mutually accountable for achieving common goals associated with organizational objectives and perceive themselves as a social entity within an organizationoAll teams are groups but many groups do not satisfy our definition of teams The friends you meet for lunch are an informal groupbut they wouldnt be called a team because they have little or no interdependence each person could just as easily eat lunch alone and no organizationally mandated purposePeople form informal groups for a variety of reasons One reason is that human beings are social animals Another reason is provided by the social identity theory that states that individuals define themselves by their group affiliations A third reason is that we are motivated to from informal groups to accomplish tasks that cannot be achieved by individuals alone such as creating a group to oppose change in an organization The fourth explanation for informal groups is that we are comforted by the mere presence of other people are therefore motivated to be near them in stressful situationsInformal groups are also the backbone of social networkswhich are important sources of trust building information sharing power influence and employee wellbeing in the workplaceoTeams are important because under the right conditions teams make better decisions develop better products and services and create a more engaged workforce than do employees working alone Information is quickly shared in the team unlike traditional departments People are also potentially more motivated working in teams than aloneThey are more motivated because 1 the team is a part of their social identity and 2 They are accountable to fellow team members who monitor performance more closely than a traditional supervisorThe Challenges of TeamsThe main problem with teams is that they have additional costs called process lossesresources including time and energy expended toward team development and maintenance rather than the task It is much more efficient for an individual to work out an issue alone than to resolve differences of opinion with other peopleoTo perform well team members need to agree and have mutual understanding of their goals the strategy for accomplishing those goals and their specific roles
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