Textbook Notes (368,794)
Canada (162,165)
MHR 523 (321)
Chapter 16

Human Resources Management Chapter 16

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Human Resources
MHR 523
Kristyn Scott

Chapter 16 Notes INTRODUCTION TO LABOUR RELATIONS -labour union (union): an officially recognized association of employees practising a similar trade or employed in the same company or industry who have joined together to present a united front and collective voice in dealing with management -labour-management relations: the ongoing interactions between labour unions and management in organizations -collective agreement (union contract): a formal agreement between an employer and the union representing a group of its employees regarding terms and conditions of employment -collective bargaining: negotiations between a union and an employer to arrive at a mutually acceptable collective agreement -bargaining unit: the group of employees in a firm, a plant, or an industry that has been recognized by an employer or certified by a Labour Relations Board (LRB) as appropriate for collective bargaining purposes -Labour Relations (LR) strategyÆ overall plan for dealing with unions -union acceptance strategyÆ vieÁšZµL]}LZšZo2]š]KšŒ‰ŒZLšš]À}šZ]ŒK[ZK‰o}ÇZ -union avoidance strategyÆ believe that its preferable to operate in a non-unionized environment -union substitution approachÆ }KŒZ‰}LZ]Àš}K‰o}ÇZ[LZšZššZŒ]ZL}]L Ltive for them to unionize -union suppression approachÆ when there is a desire to avoid a union at all costs -[^>KDZ>J^ -PurposesÆ 1) to provide a common set of rules for fair negotiations, 2) to protect the public interest by preventing the impact of labour disputes from inconveniencing the public -LR legislation THE LABOUR MOVEMENT IN CANADA TODAY -business unionism: the activities of labour unions focusing on economic and welfare issues, including pay and benefits, job security, and working conditions -social (reform) unionism: activities of unions directed at furthering the interests of their members by influencing the social and economic policies of governments at all levels, such as speaking out on proposed legislative reforms TYPES OF UNIONS 1) Type of worker eligible for membership -craft union: traditionally, a labour organization representing workers practising the same craft or trade, such as carpentry or plumbing -industrial unions: a labour organization representing all workers eligible for union membership in a particular company or industry, including skilled tradespersons www.notesolution.com 2) Geographical scope -international and national unions 3) Labour congress affiliation -Canadian Labour Congress (CLC) -Confederation des syndicats nationaux (CSN) -American Federation of Labour -local: a group of unionized employees in a particular location -union steward: a union member elected by workers in a particular department of area of a firm to act as their union representative MEMBERSHIP TRENDS -over 30% of Canadian employees are unionized CURRENT CHALLENGES FACING THE CANADIAN LABOUR MOVEMENT -global competition -demographics -unionization of white-collar employees THE LABOUR RELATIONS PROCESS 1) Desire for collective representation -it is only when workers are dissatisfied and believe that they are without the ability to change the factors causing dissatisfaction, except through collective action, that they become interested in unionizing 2) Union organizing campaign 1) employee/union contract 2) initial organizational meeting 3) formation of an in-house organizing committee 4) the organizing campaignÆ authorization card: a card signed by an employee that indicates his or her willingness to have the union act as his or her representative for purposes of collective bargaining 5) the outcome -signs of organizing activityÆ managers who suspect that a unionization attempt may be underway -employer response to an organizing campaign 3) Union recognition -voluntary recognition -regular certificationÆ certification: the procedure whereby a labour union obtains a certificate from the relevant LRB declaring that the union is the exclusive bargaining agent for a defined group of employees in a bargaining unit that the LRB considers appropriate for collective bargaining purposes www.notesolution.com Æ representation vote: a vote conducted by the LRB in which employees in the bargaining unit indicate, by secret ballot, whether or not they want to be represented, or continue to be represented by a labour union Æ pre-hearing vote: a alternative mechanism for certification, used in situations in
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