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MHR 523 (321)
Chapter 4

Chapter 4 - Designing and analyzing jobs

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Human Resources
MHR 523
Margaret Yap

Chapter 4: Designing and Analyzing Jobs Organizational structure: formal relationships among jobs in an organization Organization chart: snapshot, depicting organizations structure o Bureaucratic, Flat, Matrix JOB DESIGN Process of systematically organizing work into tasks that are required to perform a specific job o Example: 1 supervisor, 1 clerk, 40 assembles = 3 jobs, 42 positions Work simplification: highly specialized, repetitive tasks to maximize efficiency. Great for uneducated people, those who have intellectual disabilities. Not in todays highly demanding market though Industrial engineering: identifying, analyzing timing the elements of each job cycle. Wanting to modify, combine, rearrange, or eliminate elements to reduce time needed to complete cycle. No psychological fulfillment for workers, high turnover. Solutions: job enlargement (horizontal loading), job rotation, job enrichment (vertical loading) THE NATURE OF JOB ANALY
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