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Chapter 14

MHR 523 Chapter 14: MHR523 Lecture 9 - Danielle Lamb

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Human Resources
MHR 523
Danielle Lamb

MHR523 Lecture 9 Chapter 14: Occupational Health and Safety Practice Final Exam Question 1. Differentiate between defined benefits and defined contributions pension plans. 2. As an employer who has decided to offer a voluntary workplace pension plan, would you offer a defined benefits or a defined contributions plan? Why? Defend your answer. *Know the differences between the two different plans and be able to justify which is more beneficial for the employer versus the employee Why is OHS an HR Issue? Most companies do not have a health and safety office which therefore places it under HR management Deals with legislative compliance ensure laws are implemented and followed Many HR functions are affected by health and safety safety, compensation (premium for unsafe conditions), working conditions is a compensable factor Strategic Importance of OHS Service provided to clients and customers is a function of how employees are treated, and employee health, safety, and wellness management are important determinants of employee perceptions regarding fair treatment by the organization Investment in disability and wellness programs create bottomline returns Workplace accidents can be prevented Changing Perspectives on Risk and Liability Assumption of Risk th o Prominent legal doctrine until early 20 Century o If you accept this job, then you accept all the risks that came along with it Accident Proneness o employees are just clumsy and thats your fault 21 Century o Modern health and safety programs recognize that enhancing OHS requires cooperation among multiple stakeholders. OHS Legislation in Ontario Occupational health and safety legislation: laws intended to protect the health and safety of workers by minimizing workrelated accidents and illnesses Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) Workers Compensation o Workplace Safety and Insurance Act (WSIA) Employer Responsibilities Due diligence requirement: take every reasonable precaution to ensure the health and safety of workers Specific duties include: o Filing government accident reports o Maintaining records o Ensuring that safety rules are enforced o Posting safety notices and legislative information The Supervisors Role in Safety Ensure that workers comply with occupational health and safety regulations Advise and instruct workers about safety (training) Safetyminded managers must aim to instill in their workers the desire to work safely (motivate) Employees Responsibilities and Rights Take reasonable care to protect their own health and safety, and that of coworkers Specific requirements include o Wearing protective clothing and equipment
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