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Canada (161,379)
MHR 523 (321)
Chapter 13

mhr chapter 13 - health and safety.docx

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Human Resources
MHR 523
Rasha Narsa

Chapter 13 – Ensuring Health and Safety at the Workplace (Pg. 465- 485) Federal & Provincial Safety Regulations - Most employers and employees are governed by the provincial legislation - At the federal level, the Canada Labour Code (pt. 2) details the elements of an industrial safety program and provides for regulations to deal with various types of occupational safety problems - Establishes 3 fundamental employee rights: – The right to know about hazards in the workplace – The right to participate in correcting those hazards – The right to refuse dangerous work - Key element of health and safety laws is the joint occupational health and safety committee, which is a group consisting of reps of the employers and employees that meets regularly in order to reduce accident rates Hazardous Products • Hazardous Products Act – an act whose primary objective is the protection of consumers by regulating the sale of dangerous products • Workplace Hazardous Material Information System (WHMIS) – Requires that suppliers label hazardous products and provide a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) on each • Requires an employer to provide training to enable employees to – Recognize WHMIS symbols – Understand the info in the MSDS – Nature of potential hazards from misuse – Suggested emergency treatment procedures - Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act – makes transport Canada, a federal govn’t agency, responsible for handling and transporting dangerous materials by federally regulated shipping and transportation companies o Requires such goods to be identified, that a career is informed of them, and that they are classified according to the coding system - Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety act o The center is supervised by a board of governors made up of reps of the federal govn’t, labour, and employers CONSUMER PRODUCTS • Consumer products can be controlled products under WHMIS • Products such as Bleach, WD40, Paint and Glue are controlled products and therefore are subject to the WHMIS regulations 3 BASIC ELEMENTS OF WHMIS • Site Specific Training and Education • Product Labels • Material Safety Data Sheets [MSDS] CLASS A: COMPRESSED GAS This class includes compressed gases, dissolved gases, and gases liquefied by compression or refrigeration CLASS B: FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL This class includes solids, liquids, and gases capable of catching fire in the presence of a spark or open flame under normal working conditions. - flammable gas, solid, liquid, aerosol, combustible liquid, reactive flammable material CLASS C: OXIDIZING MATERIAL These materials increase the risk of fire if they come in contact with flammable or combustible materials. CLASS D: POISONOUS AND INFECTIOUS MATERIAL Division 1: Materials causing immediate and serious toxic effects Division 2: Materials Causing Other Toxic Effects These materials can cause life-threatening and serious long-term health problems as well as less severe but immediate reactions in a person who is repeatedly exposed to small amounts. Division 3: Biohazardous Infectious Material CLASS E: CORROSIVE MATERIAL This class includes caustic and acid materials that can destroy the skin or eat through metals. Examples: sodium hydroxide, hydrochloric acid, nitric acid CLASS F: DANGEROUSLY REACTIVE MATERIAL These products may self-react dangerously (for example, they may explode) upon standing or when exposed to physical shock or to increased pressure or temperature, or they emit toxic gases when exposed to water. MULTIPLE HAZARDS A controlled product can have multiple hazards associated with it Example: Methanol MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS [MSDS] are technical documents that provide detailed and comprehensive information on controlled products. Information provided includes: • Health Effects of Exposure • Hazard Evaluation regarding handling, storage and use • Measures to protect employees who may be at risk of exposure • Emergency Procedures Safety Enforcement • In the federal jurisdiction, all industrial units are inspected at least once a year – visit more or less frequently depending on the unit’s accident record and its size • May at any reasonable time enter any property or place controlled by an employer and in respect of any workplace • Powers of safety inspectors: – Take samples, conduct examinations, tests, inquires, investigations – Take photographs – Meet with employees privately – Request documentation – Request that nothing be disturbed Responsibility for Health and Safety • Top Management – must set polices and make concern for h&s part of the organization’s culture and strategy – ensures h&s aspects will be considered in business decisions and training programs – considered seriously by courts – responsible for providing a safe envir. • Should hire a h&s expert on a part-time or contract basis, or seek assistance of a firm that specializes in h&s • Supervisors – as apart of their management training, supervisors must become proficient in managing safety, knowing about h&s laws, safety regulations, training in observing safety violations, learning communication skills to convey the necessary info to their employees – take refusals seriously – responsible for the safety of their people n the workplace • • Employees – responsible for working safely – must be trained to understand safety rules and how to operate equipment safely • Important that a system of enforcement is in place, understood and followed • Discipline has to be applied for violation of safety rules • Good safety performance should be recognized and rewarded by managers • Unsatisfactory practices should be documented and corrected • A joint committee – maintain records, conduct meetings, inspect the workplace • Educating young employees about workplace safety – several programs exist to make young workers aware of safety issues, educate them about safety and provide info on rights and obligations under safety legislation • A comprehensive safety orientation program – will address several issues like fire safety, smoking at the workplace, accident procedures, personal clothing, protective equipment, material and chemical hazards, etc
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