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MHR 523 (321)
Chapter 9

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Human Resources
MHR 523
Pat Sniderman

Chapter 9 Career Planning and Development1 Career Planning and developmenta The deliberate process through which a person becomes aware of personal careerrelated attributes and the lifelong series of activities that contributes to his or her career fulfillmenti Help maintain employee commitment ii Retaining employees and reduced turnover iii Career a series of workrelated positions paid or unpaid that help a person achieve skills success and fulfillment iv Career development the lifelong series of activities that contribute to a persons career exploration establishment success and fulfillment v Networking the foundation of active career management and is essential for accessing the most valuable career resourcepeople 1 Allows people to know about background and career goals and to exchange information advice and referrals b Factors that affect career choices i Identify Career Stage1 Each persons career goes through stages and the current stage will influence the employees knowledge of and preference for various occupations known as the career cycle 2 Growth Stage a Birth to age of 14b Developing a selfconcept with and interacting with other people 3 Exploration Stage a 15 to 24 years of age bExploring various occupational alternativesc Developing a realistic understanding of his or her abilities and talents 4 Establishment Stagea Spans from 24 to 44 and is the heart of most peoples work lives b Engaging in activities to earn permanent place in the chosen field 5 Maintenance Stage a Between the ages of 45 and 65 b Maintaining the place that the person has created 6 Decline Stage a Retirement age b Slowing down period ii Identify Occupational Orientation1 Occupational Orientationdeveloped by John Holland six basic personal orientations that determine the sorts of careers to which people are drawn a Realisticattracted to occupations that involve physical activities b Investigateattracted to careers that involve cognitive activitiesc Socialattracted to careers that involve interpersonal activities
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