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MHR 523 (321)
Chapter 4

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Human Resources
MHR 523
Pat Sniderman

Chapter Four Designing and Analyzing Jobs MHR Notes Organizational structure refers to the formal relationship among jobs in an organization An organizational chart is often used to depict the structure There are three different types of structures bureaucratic flat and matrix Bureaucratic uses a top down management approach has many levels with highly specialized jobs with narrowly defined job descriptions and there is much focus on independent performance Flat structures uses a decentralized management approach consisting of a few levels with broadly defined jobs with general job descriptions and there is much emphasis on product developmentJob design the process of systematically organizing work into tasks that are required to perform a specificjob Jobconsists of a group of related activities and duties Positionthe collection of tasks and responsibilities performed by one person Work Simplificationan approach to job design that involves assigning most of the administrative aspects of work such as planning and organizing to supervisors and managers while giving lowerlevel employees narrowly defined tasks to perform according to methods established and specified by management Industrial engineeringa field of study concerned with work methods making work cycles more efficient by modifying combining rearranging or eliminating tasks and establishing time standards Job enlargementaka horizontal loading a t
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