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LAW 122 (616)
Chapter 5

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Ryerson University
Law and Business
LAW 122
Avi Weisman

Chapter 5 Miscellaneous Torts Affecting BusinessOther Important Torts in business Context y Conspiracy y Intimidation y Interference with contractual relationships y Unlawful interference with economic relations y Deceit y Occupiers liability y Nuisance y The rule in Raylands v Fletcher y Defamation y Injurious falsehoodConspiracy y The tort of Conspiracy usually occurs when two or more defendants agree to act together with the primary purpose of causing financial loss to the plaintiff y Law condones aggressive competition between individuals but its sense of fair play may be offended if several people conspire against another y Hard to prove in courtsneed to show that defendants primary purpose was hurting the plaintiff y Cant distinguish if defendants primary purpose of hurting the plaintiff y Rules are different if the defendant injured the plaintiff by conspiring to perform an unlawful acteasier to prove id defendants conspired to commit unlawful actIntimidation y The tort of intimidation is concerned with unethical business practices y Intimidation occurs when the plaintiff suffers a loss as results of the defendants threat to commit an unlawful act against either the plaintiff or a third party yTortof intimidation has 2 branches o TwoParty intimidation occurs when the defendant directly coerces the plaintiff into suffering a loss Ex Manger of a supermarket might use threats of physical violence to frighten the owner of a small convenience store into closing down o Three party intimidations occurs when the defendant coerces a third party into acting in a way that hurts the plaintiff y Whether the intimidation involves 2 or 3 parties the basic rules remain the same 1 First Plaintiff must prove that the defendant threatened to commit an unlawful act such as a crime or tort or even a breach of contract 2 Second the tort does not occur unless the threatened party gave in to the intimidation 3 Third as long as the other elements of the tort are established there is no need to prove that the defendant intended to hurt the plaintiff Interference with Contractual Relations y Most effective ways of gaining an advantage over competitors in the business world is to hire away its best workers or otherwise prevent those people from performing their jobs y However that tactic can trigger the tort of interference with contractual relations
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