Selection: the process of choosing among individuals who have been recruited to fill existing or projected job openings. Human rights legislation prohibits discrimination in all aspects, terms and conditions. To avoid negative legal consequences: ensuring that all selection criteria and strategies are based on the job description and the job specification. Selection ratio: the ratio of the number of applicants hired to the total number of applicants (# of applicants hired/total # of applicants) Multiple-hurdle strategy: an approach to selection involving a series of successive steps or hurdles. Only candidates clearing the hurdle are permitted to move on to the next step. Tests: wonderlic personnel test, predictive index, minnesota clerical assessment. Interview process: 1) preparing for the interview, 2) knowledge and experience, 3) motivation, 4) Steps in the selection process: preliminary applicant screening, selection testing, selection interview, background investigation/reference checking, supervisory interview and realistic job preview, hiring decision and candidate notification.