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Chapter 13

MHR 523 Chapter 13 Test Bank

Human Resources
Course Code
MHR 523
Ted Mock

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Student: ___________________________________________________________________________
1. The attitude, now obsolete, towards accident prevention that assumed that workers accepted all the customary
risks inherent in a given job was legally referred to as
A. assumption of risk
B. the careless worker model
C. the shared responsibility model
D. the injury model
E. the expendable worker assumption
2. One of the early approaches to workplace safety worked on the assumption that accidents were almost always
the result of individual worker actions or the failure of workers to protect themselves. This was referred to as
A. assumption of risk
B. the careless worker model
C. the shared responsibility model
D. the inattentive worker model
E. the tough luck rule
3. The shared responsibility model of workplace safety assumes that
A. workers share the responsibility for safety among themselves
B. workers and line supervisors share responsibility for safety together
C. the employer is primarily responsible for safety
D. the employees and the employer must co-operate on ensuring safety
E. only employees are responsible for workplace safety
4. The legal expression "assumption of risk" referred to
A. times when worker's investments in various pension funds were unsecured and risky
B. the situation where workers attempted to join unions despite threats of violence
C. the fact that employees could be dismissed for criticizing their employer
D. the fact that workers accepted all risks associated with the job they took
E. the ability of some workers to manage risky situations better than others

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5. Over the past 25 years, a growing emphasis on health and safety has occurred because:
A. HRM professionals have made it a top strategic priority
B. Unions and the public are pushing for greater corporate responsibility
C. Employers are pushing workers to take responsibility for accidents because more workplace training is
D. Compensation is now provided to employees who are more safety conscious
E. Unhealthy environments are rapidly decreasing
6. Generally, accidents in the workplace can be reduced by all the following except
A. when management is committed to safety
B. when employees are informed about accident prevention
C. when employees have some input into the (particularly safety) decision-making process
D. when there is regular consultation between employees and employer on safety issues
E. when employers become solely concerned with productivity
7. Key changes that have evolved into new thinking regarding workplace health and safety include the
following except:
A. accident rates can be reduced through the co-operation of the employer and their employees
B. unions are exerting more pressure on the safety of their workers
C. governments both federally and provincially have passed more comprehensive health and safety legislation
D. Workers' Compensation costs have made employees become more safety conscious
E. Regular consultation occurs between employers and workers through health and safety committees
8. Human Resources and Social Development Canada estimates that about __________ Canadian workers die
every working day from an occupational injury or disease
A. six
B. four
C. ten
D. fourteen
E. twenty-five
9. One feature of worker's compensation programs is that
A. they are proactive, but not proactive enough
B. by applying pressure on employers they have noticeably reduced the number of accidents
C. they are reactive, after-the-fact efforts
D. they have had a large impact on workplace related illnesses
E. they do not concern themselves with workplace safety

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10. The total cost of workplace accidents, including compensation and indirect expenses, but not other social
costs, currently in Canada runs to over __________ annually.
A. $4 billion
B. $13.5 billion
C. $1 billion
D. $15 billion
E. $50 billion
11. By and large, workplace accidents are caused by an often complex combination of factors that can include
A. poor eye hand coordination and employee behaviour
B. employee behaviour only
C. unsafe working conditions only
D. poor eye hand corordination only
E. employee behaviour and unsafe working conditions
12. Some factors that can contribute to complexity of managing safety in the workplace could include the facts
below except
A. employers may "clean up" a problem before inspectors arrive
B. employees may indulge in unsafe behaviour
C. some illnesses may take years to show up
D. companies may fail to monitor or disclose risks
E. employees and employers may practice safe workplace behaviours
13. Overall in Canada, men are more than _________ as likely to have a time-loss injury in the workplace than
women, measured per hundred workers.
A. twice
B. four times
C. half
D. fifty times
E. the accident rate for men and women is the same per 100 workers
14. In reference to age, the age group below most likely to have a time-loss workplace injury or accident is
A. 15 to 24 years old
B. 25 to 39 years old
C. age 55 and over
D. the rate is the same regardless of age
E. 40 to 54 year olds
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