Chapter 9.docx

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15 Apr 2012

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Chapter 9: Career Planning and Development
1) Career Planning and development
a) The deliberate process through which a person becomes aware of personal
career-related attributes and the lifelong series of activities that contributes
to his or her career fulfillment.
i) Help maintain employee commitment
ii) Retaining employees and reduced turnover
iii) Career: a series of work-related positions, paid or unpaid, that help a
person achieve skills, success, and fulfillment
iv) Career development: the lifelong series of activities that contribute to a
person’s career exploration, establishment, success, and fulfillment
v) Networking: the foundation of active career management and is essential
for accessing the most valuable career resource people
(1) Allows people to know about background and career goals, and to
exchange information, advice, and referrals
b) Factors that affect career choices
i) Identify Career Stage
(1) Each person’s career goes through stages, and the current stage will
influence the employee’s knowledge of and preference for various
occupations, known as the career cycle.
(2) Growth Stage
(a) Birth to age of 14
(b) Developing a self-concept with and interacting with other people
(3) Exploration Stage
(a) 15 to 24 years of age
(b) Exploring various occupational alternatives
(c) Developing a realistic understanding of his or her abilities and
(4) Establishment Stage
(a) Spans from 24 to 44 and is the heart of most people’s work lives
(b) Engaging in activities to earn permanent place in the chosen field
(5) Maintenance Stage
(a) Between the ages of 45 and 65
(b) Maintaining the place that the person has created
(6) Decline Stage
(a) Retirement age
(b) Slowing down period
ii) Identify Occupational Orientation
(1) Occupational Orientation developed by John Holland, six basic
personal orientations that determine the sorts of careers to which
people are drawn
(a) Realistic attracted to occupations that involve physical activities
(b) Investigate attracted to careers that involve cognitive activities
(c) Social attracted to careers that involve interpersonal activities
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