chapter 17 notes.doc

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17 Apr 2012
Department
Course
Professor
How Intercountry Differences Affect HRM
Differences in laws àhow many employees in board of directors?
Need for security and terrorism awareness training
cultural factors
power distance: how accepting they are of unequal power distribution
individualism vs. collectivism: ties between individuals loose or close? Ie.
Canadians look out for themselves and immediate family. Pakistani people
look out for extended family, firms. Etc.
attitude towards gender differences: male dominated mining ie.
All of this shows that there is a need to adapt to host country HR
practices such as training and pay plans
Hr staff members in foreign country should include host country
citizens
High degree of sensitivity and empathy needed for cultural and
attitudinal demands ESPECIALLy for “human” jobs
economic systems
legal systems
labour laws are different à different definitions of terms such as
discrimination, minimum wage etc. minimum length of service to qualify
for severance pay
labour cost factors
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ie. Some countries might not see investment in employee training and
development as a necessary cost
industrial relations factors
relationship among workers, union, employer vary dramatically
ie. Employees may have the right to voice company policies
unions may not play an effective role in labour disputes
global staffing policy
an ethnocentric staffing policy is based on the attitude that home-country
managers are superior to those in the host country, and all key management
positions are filled by parent-country nationals
a polycentric staffing policy is based on the belief that only host-country
managers can understand the culture and behaviour of the host-country
market, and therefore foreign subsidiaries would be staffed with host-
country nationals and its home-office headquarters with parent-country
nationals
a geocentric staffing policy assumes that management candidates must be
searched for globally, on the assumption that the best manager for any
specific position anywhere on the globe may be found in any of the
countries in which the firm operates
Human resources used more efficiently since they pick the best
person for the position
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